The study investigate the impact of sex education on secondary school students    in Odeda local government, Abeokuta. The study utilizes an empirical survey design. The sample population consists of one hundred and fifty two students randomly drawn from six secondary schools, three public school and three private schools in Odeda local government. The instrument used to elicit information from the respondents was a questionnaires designed by the researcher. The validity of the instrument was revealed reliability coefficient Alpha of 0.79 significant level for all variables. Descriptive statistical tools such as percentages, frequency, bar chart and tables were used to interpret the data collected. The result shows that it is important to impact knowledge about sex education, (67%) of the population lack the knowledge. From the survey, it was evident that sex education is effective on adolescent but most of them do not have the knowledge. Adolescent need to be provided accurate and correct information about sex in order to form good attitude and belief toward sex. Conclusively, sex education should be part of school curriculum in order to educate adolescent. Parents should develop effective communication skill with their children, be their friends and have positive attitude toward sex.




1.0         INTRODUCTION






Sex education, which is sometimes called sexuality education or sex and relationships education, is the process of acquiring information and forming attitudes and beliefs about sex, sexual identity, relationships and intimacy. Sex education is also about developing young people's skills so that they make informed choices about their behaviour, and feel confident and competent about acting on these choices. It is widely accepted that young people have a right to sex education. This is because it is a means by which they are helped to protect themselves against abuse, exploitation, unintended pregnancies, sexually transmitted disease. Providing an effective sex education helps to meet young people’s rights to information about matters that affect them, their right to have their needs met and to help them enjoy their sexuality and the relationships that they form. To contribute to adolescent’s full social and economic potential, young people need the knowledge and skills to make choices about when to have sex and how to protect themselves from infection and unintended pregnancies.


Comprehensive sex education curricular has been endorsed by various governmental agencies, educational organizations and teenage advocacy groups as the most effective educational method for reducing teenage pregnancy and helping prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among adolescent.Numerous surveys have suggested increased sexual experimentation by increasing numbers of teenagers at younger ages each year.Often, the outcome of these behaviour can have adverse consequences such as unplanned pregnancy and sexually acquired

infections. It is necessary to understand some of the features of puberty and adolescence which increase the risk of STDs and their attendant complications.


Sex education that works also helps equip young people with the skills to be able to differentiate between accurate and inaccurate information, and to discuss a range of moral and social issues and perspectives on sex and sexuality, including different cultural attitudes and sensitive issues like sexuality, abortion and contraception.


Akerele (2004) wrote that “sex is something you do, sexuality is something you are.” This way of understanding sex highlights the difference between the act of sex and the individual experience of sexuality, which is an intrinsic part of who we are, one that can’t be separated out of ourselves any more than our ethnicity or religious/spiritual beliefs.Sexuality is a natural and precious aspect of life, an essential and fundamental part of our humanity. For people to attain the highest standard of health, they must first be empowered to exercise choice in their sexual and reproductive lives; they must feel confident and safe in expressing their own sexual identity.


Providing information through sex education is therefore about finding out what young people already know and adding to their existing knowledge and correcting any misinformation they may have. For example, young people may have heard that condoms are not effective against HIV or that there is a cure for AIDS. It is important to provide information which corrects mistaken beliefs. Without correct information young people can put themselves at greater risk.Information is also important as the basis on which young people can developed well-informed attitudes and views about sex and sexuality. Young people need to have information on all the following topics:

Sexual development & reproduction - the physical and emotional changes associated with puberty and sexual reproduction, including fertilization and conception, as well as sexually transmitted diseases and HIV.

Contraception & birth control - what contraceptives there are, how they work, how people use them, how they decide what to use or not, and how they can be obtained.

Relationships - what kinds of relationships there are, love and commitment, marriage and partnership and the law relating to sexual behaviour and relationships as well as the range of religious and cultural views on sex and sexuality and sexual diversity.


Sex education is a widely used approach to prevent sexually transmitted infection and reproductive health promotion. Comprehensive sex education is effective at assisting young people to make healthy decisions about sex and to adopt healthy sexual behaviors.





It is a known fact that to carry out a research in any field, definitely there is a problem in that area, so this study is not an exemption.

Busari A.O (2003) Physical, psychological, and social attribute of adolescence make young people particularly vulnerable to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIS).Adolescents often are not able to comprehend fully the exposure to risk. Societies often compound young people’s risk by making it difficult for them to learn about sex education and reproductive health. Moreover, many youth are socially inexperienced and dependent on other’s, peer pressure often influence them often in a way that can influence their risk. When adolescent are not given or provided the necessary information about sex, it places them at risk of getting pregnant, abortion or even contracting a sexually transmitted disease which make it a problem.





The study will add to the adolescent knowledge about sex education of adolescent.







To investigate the impact of sex education on secondary school students    in Odeda local government Area, Abeokuta, Ogun state Nigeria.


 The specific objective


1)  To investigate on adolescent knowledge about sex education.


2)  To ascertain the effects of sex education on adolescent.


3)  To identify the risk associated with sexual activity among adolescent.


4)  To examine the attitude of adolescent toward sex education.




1)    What is the level of knowledge about sex education in adolescent?


2)    What are the effects of sex education on adolescent?


3)    What is the risk associated with sexual activity among adolescent?


4)    What are adolescent attitudes toward sex education?






IMPACT: To have an important or noticeable effect on something


ADOLESCENT: Developing of adult mental processes and identity and also the transition from total socio-economic dependence to relative independence

SECONDARY SCHOOL: The education teaching of children between the ages of 11 and 16. SEX: The activity in which a male and female join their sex organ in order to make babies or for pleasure.

EDUCATION: The process of giving intellectual or moral instruction about something either in school, colleges or University.



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