**THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY
SCHOOLS **

**CHAPTER ONE **

**INTRODUCTION **

**Background
of the Study**

Mathematics is scientific and behavioral discipline so every country has integrated it as a compulsorily subject in school education. It is valuable in our each life events. Generally we can found five characteristics of understanding mathematical concepts as introducing a problem using a realistic context, identifying the main objects of the problem, using appropriate social interaction and teacher intervention to refine the models of the problem, encouraging the process of reinvention as the problem develops and focusing on the connections and aspects of Mathematics . It is necessary to developed technical and cognitive proficiency of Mathematics teachers. Algebra, Analysis, Topology, Mathematical Logic, numerical analysis and discrete Mathematics are the area of modern Mathematics . All sciences and other disciplines like psychology, sociology, philosophy, epistemology, pedagogy, curriculum studies and science are based on Mathematics directly and indirectly (Stacey, 2004). ICT is sympathetic for collaborative and individual learning (Shunaq, 2002). Hence this discipline is more important in our daily activities. ICT supports Mathematics for composing, revising, editing, publishing, calculating, making connections, visualizing data, finding importance, synthesizing and problem solving. Varieties of notations, formulae, symbols, figures and graphs are available in Mathematics which are really difficult to demonstrate in blackboard/whiteboard like 2D and 3D figures, graphs and chart, transformation of objects and other associative matters. By ICT related applications, tools and software such matter can be taught expressively. Pupils use to come to Mathematics lessons with expectations about how they might apply ICT to move their own learning forward. Mathematics teachers will not need to teach ICT capability but can exploit new chances for apprentices to apply and advance the competence that they previously have, to improve their learning in Mathematics .

Mathematics is basic substance of each technologies and technologies support Mathematics teaching. Outcome of computer technology on education is superior in Mathematics than in any other discipline (AydÄ±n, 2005).

Technology
develops abstract ideas for teachers by which they can build students prior
knowledge, abilities and skills, links to the materials with mathematical
concepts, address common understandings and introduce more advanced ideas
(CTLI, 2007). The quality of mathematical software packages has been improving
rapidly; however technology is still marginally integrated into education at
all levels (Lavicza, 2008). ICT helps to teach mathematical facts, skills,
knowledge, concepts and recover their mathematical understanding more
effectively besides it helps to upsurge the capability of students and
teachers. It comforts the individuals to organize, present and treat their
mechanism and transfer their inference with others. “Technology is essential in
teaching and** **learning Mathematics ; it influences the Mathematics that is taught and enhances students’
learning” (NCTM, 2000). Pedagogical shift of technology engenders new teaching
approaches to expand students’ conceptual understanding, procedural fluency and
strategic competence in Mathematics . ICT
makes Mathematics teaching healthier and
helps to increase the
achievement of students (Safder
et al.,**–**
2011; Gera & Verma, 2012). So every teacher has to use related
technological tools, application and software for effective and meaningful
learning of Mathematics . Rendall (2001)
found ICT assisted teaching is more effective in raising the arithmetical and
logical skills in Mathematics .

**Statement
of the Problem**

** **A key
requirement for the future is the need to prepare students to participate in
the information society, where knowledge is the most crucial factor in the
social and the economic development of a country .The adoption of new
Information and Communication Technology has led to significant changes in both
the structure and the functionality of education. The introduction of new
technologies led to the development and dissemination of Electronic learning
(e-learning) and thereby offering a new dimension to the provision and content
of education.** **

The research observed
that many secondary schools lack basic knowledge of Information and Communication Technology due
to inadequate ICT facilities among Mathematics ** ** student which prevent student from using some Mathematics ** ** software package. Due to this problems, the
researcher has decided to examine how
ICT influence students academic performance .

**Purpose
of the Study**

** **The main purpose
of the study is to examine the impact of ICT
in teaching and learning of Mathematics in
secondary in Ado Local government Area of Ekiti State

The specific objective is;

i.
To determine the impact of ICT tools on
students academic performance in Mathematics ** **

ii.
To find out the uses of ICT on teaching and learning of Mathematics ** **

iii.
To examine the challenges encountered in
ICT tools in teaching and learning of Mathematics ** ** in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State.

**Research
Questions**

** **For the purpose
of this study, the following research questions are raised.

iv. What are the effect of ICT tools on students academic performance?

v.
What are the uses of ICT tools on teaching and learning of Mathematics ** **?

vi.
What are the challenges encountered in
ICT tools in teaching and learning of Mathematics ** ** in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State?

**Significance of the Study **

It is a clear fact that the world we live in today is ICT compliant and only those that are ICT oriented will survive and be relevant in the information environment and the world at large. Therefore, the findings of this research work will make the students see the benefit of surfing the internet for class assignment. Introduction of ICT will also improve students’ academic performance.

It
will also help in producing quality secondary school graduate, with the
application of ICT student will discover new Mathematics ** ** packages, principle, and concept that would enhance their academic performance.

It will help parents to know the importance of ICT in students’ academic performance and see reasons why they should buy some of the facilities for their children.

Information and Communication Technology will aid information retrieval and research communication for the society at large.

**Delimitation
of the Study **

This study will be restricted to four (4) public secondary schools within Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The study will consist of one hundred twenty (120) respondents among from selected secondary school in the local government.

## 0 Comments