RELEVANCE OF PARENTAL STATUS ON STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN THE TEACHING OF FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Background of the study
In a typical developing country such as Nigeria, education is seen as a ladder to the top as one’s pay packet gets fatter the more he advances on the rungs of education ladder. Parents therefore are usually prepared to give all. It will take to see that the children sail through successfully in their educational confident in their hope that the children will someday become the popular men professions such as law, medicine engineering, success are met at most other times but they are not, for reasons beyond their parent’s keen, it often happens that percents may feel their children can become anything into consideration factors as schools, family, personality and intellectual ability e.t.c
The best legacy the parents can give to their children is education. The earliest agency of education is the home, where the child is taught by his parents, brothers and sisters and by the general condition at home. The home is the initial foundation upon which other agencies of education later build the home influence the child’s most impression able years when he or she is below 10 years. The value of a good home is therefore very great.
The importance of parents socio-economics status to a child’s academic achievement cannot be over emphasized especially as the ability to provide the school materials and to guarantee economic security for the child depend on parents academic achievement in ` senior school certificate examination. Thus parents in the high socio-economic class are in a better position to accord their children with sound education and the children will make better decision based on their education. High socio-economic parents will be opportune to arrange extra lesson for their children at home. This is with a view to helping their children to be high achievement at schools. This is contrary to the position of the low status class parents where it is difficult to have three square meals not to talk of providing qualitative education for their children.
Stone (2002) examined the effect of parent’s income on the school and summarized that children from poor home are likely to show to a great extent the effect of under nourishment, illness and lack of sleep. Furthermore, she said there is also likely to be negatively to be attitude to school.
Fraser (2006) found that the correlation between parent’s income and academic achievement is very high according to her, children from home’s where there is tension and insecurity due poverty will not do well in school. Children whose parents enjoy more prestigious position performed better than whose parents occupy the lower status position.
The differences in the value of each class can be attributed to the income of each class, if the income of each class, if the income is high the tendency of aiming toward high goals is their but if the income is low, you aim at lower goals, children of the working class always show a tendency to make less progress at school and in particular tend to leave school at an age then do their middle class contemporaries and their parents cannot cope with cost of education especially higher one.
Hence, their main ambition will be focused on security clerical job graduation from school, some will prefer to learn a job therefore the desire to work hard in school is not there
Majority of rich mother are no longer full time have wife’s but rather pursue full time business like their make counterpart and the perforation or single parents who have to work to sustain the home economically necessitations the continual use of agency without any consideration for proper rearing of children.
Given the distance between home and work, the scarcity of transportation facility, the need to excel in professional carrier e.t.c. children support of their parents.
State of the research problem
Financial accounting is one of the subject being taught in the secondary schools. Like all other subjects in the school curriculum, the teaching of the subject is not without problems. The poor performance of the pupil in financial accounting in the secondary school examination is a clean manifestation of poor teaching and learning.
The problems facing the teaching of the subject resolve round infrastructural problems, man-power or personnel as well as lack of adequate textbooks as and methodological problem editating against teaching of accounting in secondary in secondary schools in Ile-Oluji/Oke Igbo Local government are. Many schools understand as a result of this little time is giving to their teaching of accounting.
Infrastructure is also a problem in teaching on accounting. Teaching of accounting is done in the classroom where there are no available of accounting materials. Text-books are not always available for teachers to use for the teaching of accounting. Teachers find it difficult to provide books for themselves in wards they teach little they know.
Methodology accounting if best taught when handle with the beat method. Most teachers in the secondary schools in Ile-Oluji/Oke-Igbo local government area stick to lecture methods which not the best for the teaching of accounting children learn better when accounting is prepare. The selection of appropriate methodology determine the success of or otherwise of good communication between the learner and the teacher.
In teaching various methods are used. These methods include lecture methods, Socratic methods, discovering method, project method, experimental method, e.t.c Banjur S.A (2000) defined method as a way, learns from education.
However, otherwise write of the view that the teaching of accounting of a accounting involves the various ways and strategies by learner and through this techniques the set objectives are attained. However, the attainment to the objectives is hand cupped by certain factors which from the care of the project.
The study is to find out:
- Whether the parent’s occupation has any relevance on their children’s academic performance in the class.
- Whether the parent’s income has any relevance on their children’s academic performance in their class.
- Whether parent’s education al level has any relevance in their class.
- Whether the size of the family has any relevance on their children’s academic performance in their children.
Objective of the study
The socio-economic status of parents is viewed to be the factor responsible for low or high achievement of students in their senior school certificate examination SSCE. Therefore the main purpose or objective of this research work is to find out if really parental status influences the student’s academic performance in their senior school certificate examination.
Specific objective of the study are too ascertained:
- To determine the relationship between parental occupation and student academic performance in their senior school certificate examination.
- To examine the relationship between parental income and student’s academic performance.
- To discover the relationship between parents level of education and student’s academic performance.
- To find the relationship between family size and students academic performance
Significance of the study
The importance of the study is that it plays multipurpose roles. These include:
- It will contribute our understanding of the problems affecting children from different home back ground in Nigeria.
- It will contribute to diagnose of the problem of the law performance of students in the Nigeria educational institution.
- It will be useful to the public guidance, counselor and career master in making appropriate choice for their clients or students.
- It will help curriculum planner and implementers on meeting need of students from different parental status.
Scope of the study
The research work is carried out in other to identify the relevance of parental status on student’s academic performance at the senior school certificate examination level and to form generalization concerning the correlation. This study is limited to Akinyosoye Model College, Ile-Oluji/Oke-Igbo local government.
The following research question will be raised for the purpose of the study:
- Is the any relationship between parental occupation and student’s academic performance in their senior certificate examination?
- Is there any relationship between parents income and students academic performance?
- Is there any relationship between parents level of education and student’s academic performance?
- Is there any relationship between family size and student’s academic performance?
Definition of Terms:
Certain terms used in this research work are herby defined a operationally used in the study.
Impact: is a noticeable effect or to have a strong effect on something, which can be negative or positive. It is a group of two or more people that are related by blood or marriage living together consisting a common residence.
Academic performance: This is the extent of achievement of learners in teaching and learning process at school and colleges.
Socio-Economic status: This means the socio and economic position of the individual or family in any given society determine and income.
Income: This refers to parents earning received as a wages, salary or interest e.t.c in a given period usually a year.
Occupation: This refers to a job on profession which could be skilled, semi-skilled, the work, trade business or any activity that one does which bring him or her income or earning. It must be legitimate on legal.
Parent education level: this refers to parent’s level of formal educational attainment.
Parental status: parent status in totality embraces the background of the child such as the socio-economic status of the parent, type of home whether polygamous or monogamous, from both or single parent and parental aspiration for children.
Academic Achievement: this is taken to the level of performance of student in a standardized examination that follows the course of instruction undergone he students.
Family size: This refers to the number of people in a family: father, mother or mothers, children and other dependants.