APPROACHES TO REDUCE INFANTS MORTALITY RATE IN EMURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE - UNIPROJECTS

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APPROACHES TO REDUCE INFANTS MORTALITY RATE IN EMURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE

APPROACHES TO REDUCE INFANTS MORTALITY RATE IN EMURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents                                                                                           Pages

COVER PAGE                                                                                 i

TITLE PAGE                                                                                    ii

CERTIFICATION                                                                                      iii

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                          iv

DEDICATION                                                                                  v

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                              vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                            vii-ix

LIST OF FIGURES                                                                          x

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                      xi

LIST OF APPENDICES                                                                             xii

ABSTRACT                                                                                     xiii-xiv

CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION

Background to the study                                                                            1

Statement of the problem                                                                  8

Purpose of the study                                                                         9

Significance of the study                                                                             9

Scope of the study                                                                                      10

Research questions                                                                                     10

Research hypotheses                                                                                  11

 

 

CHAPTER II – REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Review of literature                                                                    12

Conceptual framework                                                               13

Concept of mortality                                                                  15

Causes of mortality                                                                    16

Approaches in reducing infant mortality rate in Nigeria                      20

Socio-economic determinant of child survival                                     30

Theoretical framework                                                               33

Summary of literature reviewed                                                           39

CHAPTER III – METHODOLOGY

Research design                                                                                    40

Area of the study                                                                         41

Population of the study                                                                        42

Sample and sampling techniques                                                          42

Instruments for data collection                                                    43

Validation of the instrument                                                       44

Reliability of the instrument                                                                 44

Administration of the instrument                                                45

Data analysis techniques                                                             45

 

CHAPTER IV – PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

Research question 1                                                                   46

Research question 2                                                                   48

Research question3                                                                  50

Research question 4                                                                    51

Research question 5                                                                            53

Test of research hypothesis  1                                                            54

Test of research hypothesis 2                                                             55

Test of research hypothesis 3                                                   56

Test of research hypothesis 4                                                    57

Test of research hypothesis 5                                                              58

CHAPTER V – DISCUSSION OF RESULTS, SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS,

                           RECOMMENDATIONS

Discussion of results                                                                          60

Summary of the study                                                                       64

Conclusion                                                                                         65

Implication of the findings                                                      66

Recommendations                                                                   67

Limitations of the study                                                           67

Suggestions for further studies                                                68

 

 

References                                                                              69

Appendix A                                                                            76

Appendix B                                                                             80

Appendix C                                                                             82

Appendix D                                                                                      83

 

 


LIST OF FIGURES

Figures                                                                                              Pages

Fig 2.1:  Conceptual framework on infant mortality                        13

Fig 2.2:  Theoretical framework                                                       38

 

 

LIST OF TABLE

Tables                                                                                                  pages

Table 4.0: Descriptive analyses showing how immunization reduce            46

Infant mortality

Table 4.1 Descriptive analyses showing how Counseling during antenatal   48

helps to reduce infant mortality

Table 4.2: Descriptive analyses showing how Health Education helps in     50

reduce infant mortality

Table 4.3 Descriptive analyses showing how free health care reduce            51

infant mortality

Table 4.4: Descriptive analyses showing how the use of health facilities       53

helps reduce infant mortality

Table 4.5:Chi-square analyses showing the significant of immunization in    54

reducing infant mortality

Table 4.6: Chi-square analyses showing the significant of Counselling in         55

reducing infant mortality

Table 4.7: Chi-square analyses showing the significant of immunization        56

in reducing  infant mortality

Table 4.8: Chi-square analyses showing the significant of  free health care    57

services in reducing infant mortality

Table 4.9: Chi-square analyses showing how health facilities help to reduce   58

infant mortality

 

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendices                                                                                         pages

Appendix A: Questionnaire on the approaches to reduce infant mortality    76

rate in Emure local government Area of Ekiti state

Appendix B: Reliability statistics using Pearson product moment         80

correlation (PPMC)

Appendix C: Letter of permission to collect data/information/carry out         82

Research experiment

Appendix D: List of Hospital and Health Centers                                             83
ABSTRACT

The study investigated the approaches to reduce infant mortality rate in Emure Local government area of Ekiti state. Nigeria has one of the highest maternal and infant mortality rates in the world and this necessitated the greater attention given to Maternal and Child Health (MCH) services in the country’s. The purpose of the study was to find out if immunization, counseling, health education, free health care services and health facilities will serve as approaches to reduce infant mortality in Emure Local Government Area of Ekiti State.

The research design for the study was survey design of the descriptive research. The sample size of two hundred (200) respondents was used for the study. The respondents were  pregnant women and nursing mothers  in Emure local government area.  Five selected health centre’s and one General Hospital were randomly selected using simple random sampling technique. The instrument used for the study was a 29 –items structured questionnaire. Split -half method was employed to ascertain the instrument using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. A coefficient of 1 was obtained at 0.05 level of significant. Descriptive statistic involving frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research question. The generated hypotheses were tested using Chi-Square (x2). All  the hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance.

The findings of the study revealed that that immunization of children helps in reducing infant mortality rate in Emure local government area of Ekiti State. Also findings from the study revealed that counselling during antenatal period and Health Education helps in reducing infant mortality rate in the study area.

The researcher concluded that immunization of children, counseling during antenatal period, Health Education, health care services and health facilities helps in reducing infant mortality rate in Emure local government area of Ekiti state. The researcher recommended that State Government should make provision for vaccine for children under the age of five, also Government should make available counselor to educates the women on the approaches to reduce infant mortality.

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