EFFECT OF TEACHER’S QUALIFICATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT IN BIOLOGY - UNIPROJECTS

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EFFECT OF TEACHER’S QUALIFICATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT IN BIOLOGY

EFFECT OF TEACHER’S QUALIFICATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT IN BIOLOGY


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                        
Certification                                                                                               
Dedication                                                                                      
Acknowledgement                                                                                      
Abstract                                                                                          
Table of contents                                                                              
CHAPTER ONE                                                                             
Background of the study                                                                            
Statement of the problem                                                                           
Purpose of the study                                                                        
Significance of the study                                                                            
Research Hypotheses                                                                       
Delimitations of the study                                                                
Assumptions of the Study                                                               
CHAPTER TWO
Review of literature
The qualification and Knowledge of Biology Science Teacher         
Teaching Experience                                                                        
Teacher’s Adequacy and competence.                                                        
Importance of teacher in Educational Sector                                              
Training and Retraining of Teachers                                                
Needs for Effective Teaching                                                           
Frequency of Teaching Method, Skills and Technique.                    
Summary                                                                                        
CHAPTER THREE
Location of study                                                                             
Population of the study                                                                   
Sample and sampling techniques                                                    
Research instrument                                                                       
Validation of the instrument                                                            
Method of data collection                                                                
Method of data analysis                                                                   
CHAPTER FOUR
Data analysis and discussion                                                           
Discussion on the findings                                                               
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary of the study                                                                        
Conclusion                                                                                       
Implication of the study                                                                    
Recommendations                                                                                     
Limitation of the study                                                                    
Suggestions for further studies                                                                 
REFERENCES                                                                               
REFERENCE



ABSTRACT
          This research work examined the effect of teacher’s qualification on the performance of students studying biology subject.
          This in essence performance in studying biology in Ijero local government area. The questionnaire was administered to ten (10) secondary schools selected from Ijero local government in Ekiti state.
          In the course of the research, the statistical and analytical techniques used were simple percentage and tables were used to calculate the total response of the teachers in the selected secondary schools.
          Moreover the research work confirmed that qualified teachers have the ability to enhance effective learning through effective strategies of teaching and improvisation with adequate use of instructional materials and also that student performance would be improve where there is qualify and resourceful teachers in the biology unit of the secondary schools in Ijero local government area.
          In conclusion, the research also suggested appropriate recommendation which could help parents, teachers and students in intelligent and objective predication of performance of students at senior secondary school certificate.
                                                     CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
          Teachers have been found to be the single most important factors influencing student’s performance; they are believed to be important for effective teaching. Viewing student performance as evidence of learning and liking student learning to effective, successful or experience, teacher is one way of defining quality teaching. Lack of qualified teachers as well as experiences in teaching can cause poor performance of the student.
          Teacher experience enhance teachers ability to create an environment that is fair, understanding and accepting students idea,  experience and backgrounds, unqualified teaches cannot prepare students for WAEC/GCE examination because it is unlikely that they could pass. The idea of highly qualified teachers is a good one, but compliance has not widespread, some states in Nigeria have set low expectations for teacher quality and sometimes it depends on what school, in which a teachers in.
          The question which begs to be asked is what defines teacher qualify? If a student is asked about a teacher who is highly qualified, they will most likely say that it is the teachers who spend extra time with them and who makes the course contents clear and attainable (Lewis, 2005). Conversely the unqualified teachers are the ones who are boring and don’t connect with them. Students don’t care about educational certificates or years of experience. Anobi (2006) recognize that as true educators, teachers are always learning and teachers needs to continue to define the meaning of highly qualified instead of doing as little as possible within the meaning of the law. As a teacher, educators need to move from more competence to excellence in practice.
          Due to increasing nature of poor performance of secondary students especially in external examinations like West African Examinations Council (WAEC) or Joint Admission Matriculation Board (JAMB) many educationist tend to shift the blame on lack of found from the biology to provide quality textbooks. However, these might not be the main reasons why student’s perform poorly in examinations. It is clear from all indications that some secondary school teachers are not qualified which might lead to poor performance of the student in Biology. Any interactive activity between a teacher and the students is expected to produce learning outcomes in the learners. When such an activity failed to produce a change in behavior (learning) in the learners then there is a problem.
          The performance of students in science generally is a major concern to science educators. Aghyeneku in Saiyo and Sofeme (2008) noted that student’s performance in science subject is low both in national and state examinations. A number of reasons can be identified to be accountable for the poor performance of students in science. These include: the science curricula, teachers’ method of teaching, parents, biology, lack of science facilities and others (Ahakwo, 2003). Survey from schools (Ajayi, 2007) revealed that inadequacy facilities in the schools also affect negatively the effective learning of Biology in the schools.
          According to Ango (2000), students’ poor performance in Biology globally is basically due to lack of involving the students in the teaching learning activities right from the beginning of any new concept to be taught, lack of qualified teachers as well as experiences in teaching and unavailability and or insufficiency of materials in the laboratories.
          The need to wage war against the poor performances in government in our schools and colleges in Ijero Local biology Area of Ekiti State cannot be over emphasized, considering the failure rate of students in the subject. This situation has given parent’s teachers and students a great concern.
          The purpose of this research therefore is to find out the effect of teacher’s qualification on the performance of students in senior secondary school examinations.
Statement of the problem
          Biology is one of the major subjects in the country, as it deals with living things through the study of both plants and animals.
          For so many years now, the performance of students in Biology is very appalled, hence, calls for attention. The consequence of this might result from unqualified teachers handling this subject in the secondary schools.
Purpose of the study
          The study investigated the effect of teacher’s qualification on the performance of students in Biology in Ijero Local Biology area. It compared the performances of students in Biology Between those taught by qualified teachers and those taught by unqualified teachers.
Significance of the study
          The study is significant for the following reasons:-
1.     This study will be used to both teachers and students who may want to know the factors that could make or mar student’s academic performance.
2.     Understanding classroom climate variables will allow for professional developments for teachers in focus on areas to increase student achievement.
3.     Understanding the importance of teachers and their impact on student performance will help school administrators at secondary schools retain teachers to make their teachings student centred
Research Hypotheses
          The following hypotheses were raised for the purpose of this study.
H01 There is no significant difference in the performance of students taught by teachers with high qualification and those taught by teachers with low qualification.
H02   There is no significance difference in the performance of students taught by male and female skilled teachers.
H03 There is no significant difference in the performance of students taught by long time experience and short time experience skilled teachers.
Delimitations of the study
          Delimitations of this study was to review several literatures in teachers qualification. The reviewed considered teachers qualify the view of federal Biology on regunrment for teaching in secondary school and so on.
Assumptions of the Study
          This study was assumed by the researcher on the effects of teacher’s qualification on student’s performance in Biology examination that teacher should be qualified in other to enhance effective learning through effective strategies of teaching improvisation of instructional materials.