A SURVEY OF TEACHERS ATTITUDE AND AUDIO VISUAL UTILIZATION IN THE ENGLISH CLASS IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS - UNIPROJECTS

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A SURVEY OF TEACHERS ATTITUDE AND AUDIO VISUAL UTILIZATION IN THE ENGLISH CLASS IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS



A SURVEY OF TEACHERS ATTITUDE AND AUDIO VISUAL UTILIZATION IN THE ENGLISH CLASS IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS  

Abstract
            This project work was undertaken to survey of teachers attitude and audio visual utilization in the English class in selected secondary schools in ise local government area of Ekiti State. To find solution to the problems which gave to undertaking the survey questionnaires were raised to check the availability use and the attitude of teachers towards audio/visual aids in English teaching in the selected secondary school in the local government areas of study. From the findings it was discovered that audio/visual aids are not available in schools therefore teachers teach the various language skills without the required basic aids. Recommendations were therefore made to the appropriate authorities to provide and maintain audio/visual aids in the teaching of English Language so as to enhance the promotion of learning among pupils towards improved yearly performance and daily use.  
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page…………………………………………………………………..i
Certification………………………………………………………............ii
Approval Page…………………………………………………….............iii
Dedication………………………………………………………………...iv
Acknowledgement………………………………………………………..v
Abstract…………………………………………………………………...vi
Table of Contents………………………………………………………..vii
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
Statement of Problem
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the Study
Delimitation of the Study
Research Questions
Hypotheses
CHAPTER TWO
Review of Literature
Introduction
What are audio-visual materials?
Audio-Visual Aids as a Means of Communication

Audio-Visual Aids as a Means for Retention

Audio-Visual Aids as a Means to Save Time

Radio and Television as audio-visual materials
Effective utilization of the various audio-visual materials to aid effective learning
Gramophone Record

Radio Programmes

Television Sets
Computer
The importance of visuals in Second Language Acquisition.
Using visuals through Media in the language Classroom.
The significant effect of using audio-visual in learning
Summary of literature reviewed.
CHAPTER THREE
Methodology
Design of the Study
Area of Study
Population of the study
Sample of the Study
Instrument for Data Collection
Validation of the Instrument
Data Analysis Technique
CHAPTER FOUR
Presentation and Analysis of Data
Discussion of Findings
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary
Conclusion
Implications of the study
Recommendation
Suggestions for further research
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                                       CHAPTER ONE
                                               INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
The usefulness of audio -visual materials in learning cannot be overemphasized. Audio visual stimulate learners. Their effectiveness is derived from the fact that, learners draw from the different things at the same time, and can interpret the message being communicated by the teacher at different levels.
Audio visual aids are instructional materials and devices through which teaching and learning are done in colleges in particular more effectively. Audio visual materials are teaching and learning tools whose purpose is to make learning easier for the learners. Audio visual materials are used in the teaching and learning processes to make leaning more enjoyable. Classroom learning depends on effective teaching. Skillful teachers use different techniques to make teaching effective in addition to teaching methods; the language teacher can introduce audio visual materials.
          This is because it is by integrating these with other teaching methods that maximum learning can be achieved.
Audio visual materials are indispensable in the teaching and learning processes. They increase the effectiveness of learning by helping the pupils to assimilate ideas in a more meaningful and interesting manner. Through the appeal to the eye and the car. The)' provide steady improvement in knowledge and skills. The use audio visual aids would upgrade this teaching of English and give students with learning experience in active participation in all of learning activities.
Audio visual materials are very important in the secondary school as a student teacher on teaching practice; I often faced several lessons pondering on how to introduce them and what audio visual materials I could make use of that could contribute to effective learning.
From what 1 observed in several secondary schools, the English language is not a practical subject like the physical or the biological sciences. Therefore extra efforts should be made to design and utilize appropriate audio-visual materials in order to produce effective learning in the English language class. During my teaching practice, I found out that, audio-visual materials could be helpful in solving several problems that teachers of English face in the classroom. However, I observed during the teaching practices exercise that many teachers of English did not make use of audio-visual materials for teaching.
In this research, the use of audio-visual aids would upgrade the teaching of English and give students with learning experiences in active participation in all phases of learning activities. This research paper designed to how tools and techniques enhance teaching the English language more effectively.
          Below are some definitions that should be known to the readers of this Work Attitude: In layman definition, attitude may refer to the distinct concept of mood or be especially synonymous with teenage rebellion. An attitude can be defined as a positive or negative evaluation of people, objects events, activities, ideas or just about anything in your environment but there is debate about please definition. According to Gordon (2007), he describe attitude as the most distinctive and indispensable concept in contemporary social psychology.
Teaching: Mahuta (2009) defined teaching as the interaction between students and the teachers on a particular subject matter. Teaching is thus defined by Akinpelu (2006) as a triadic transaction between the teacher, the learner and the subject matter, the intention of which is to transform the situation and bring about a change in the perspective or awareness of the learner. Teaching is the process of imparting knowledge or encoding information acquire to other so that the decodes may be able to modify his behavior.
Learning: According to Travers (2007) he defined learning as relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of exposure to condition in the environment.
English language: English language is the world language and as a second language of the world. It is a medium of instruction at all levels of education. According to Aremu O. (2012) English language is a medium of communication, like every other language in the world.
Audio-visual: Audio materials according to oxford dictionary, audio materials refers to general terms for hardware (equipment) soft (consumable) and media used in learning, teaching and research which communicate through the ear.
Visual materials: Kate (2005) visual aids as any object or picture that relate to the subject. Visual materials general terms for hardware and media use in leaning, teaching and research which provide visual experiences such materials include films projectors, picture chart and transparency.
Audio visual materials: audio visual aids or materials are compact in nature because as the name implies is of compound word which when separated portray different connotation. Therefore, for the purpose of this study, the term audio visual may refer to work with both a sound and a visual component. According to Erikson (2002) Audio visual is an instructional material that can be used to convey meaning without complete dependence upon verbal symbols or language. It involve the simultaneous use of the sense organs especially the dual senses that is sense of learning and vision in the learning and teaching process.
          This study intends to find out the problems in teaching of English at secondary school level. In the process of teaching and learning of English, the audio-visual technology is used by many schools, so the effectiveness of audio-visual technology is unquestionable.
Therefore, this study intends to investigate the following problems:
1.                     Non-availability of audio-visual materials in the secondary school for the teaching of the English language.
2.                     Inadequacy of audio-visual materials for teaching of the English language
3.                     Attitude of the English language teacher to the use of audio visual materials in the teaching of English language.
4.                     Extent to which audio-visual materials motivate the interest of the learners of English.-
Purpose of the Study
This research work is to find out the attitude of teachers to the use of audio-visual materials in the teaching of the English language. Many teachers have shield away from the use of audio-visual because they are frightened. This research work will also analyze the development and importance of teaching. Learning through multimedia; analyze the effectiveness of teaching and learning through audio-visual media among students and teachers at the secondary school level; elicit the views of English teachers over the use of oral and multimedia teaching at secondary level.
The general performances of students in the English language are considered to be poor. It is obvious and hoped that the result of this study will undoubtedly improve and enhance more on the attitude of teachers toward the use of audio-visual materials in teaching of English language. Teachers, parents’ ministries of education and educators, all agree and complain that there has been a fall in the standard of English in the schools. The English language is an official language in Nigeria. It is the language of commerce, education and government. This is the reason why the falling standard has been a cause for concern.
The researchers will also give more encouragement to the teachers of English on the use of audio-visual materials in teaching of the English language. The use of audio-visual improves learning in English language. However, it has been observed that teachers do not make use of audio-visual materials in the teaching of English language in secondary schools. It will be helpful in trying to solve the problem of poor performance in English language in secondary schools' to find out what teachers attitude are the use of audio-visual materials. It will also be of help to the teachers to know that use of audio-visual materials in teaching the English language in secondary schools are not for decoration' but for proper understanding during the teaching process. This study will have made a valuable to knowledge if it leads to a discovery of why most teachers do not use audio-visual materials.
Delimitation of the Study
          This research is to examine the altitude of teacher to the use of audio visual materials in the teaching of the English Language and also to work on how to make use of audio visual materials effective in the teaching of English Language.
Research Questions
      This research work will attempt to answer these specific questions
1.      Are audio-visual materials available in the secondary schools for the teaching of the English language?
2.     What is the attitude of the English language teachers to the use of audio-visual materials in the teaching of the language?
3.     To what extent can audio-visual materials motivate the interest of the learners?
4.     If audio-visual material are available to what extent can we describe them adequate?
Hypotheses
1.                 There is no audio-visual material in the secondary schools.
2.                 There is no adequate use of audio-visual materials in secondary schools.
3.                 There is no motivation of learners’ interest in the use of audio­ visual materials

CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
INTRODUCTION
          A lot of relevant studies have been carried out on the use of audio­ visual materials in the teaching of the English language in senior secondary schools in Nigeria and other countries of the world. It is very important to note that audio-visual materials are part of teaching aids that help the learners or students in their education.
This chapter therefore focuses on the related review of literature on the attitude of teachers to the use of audio-visual materials in the teaching of English language in secondary schools.
The literature for this study is reviewed under the following subheadings;
i.       What are Audio-visual materials?
ii.     Radio and Television as Audio-visual material
iii.  Effective utilization of audio-visual aspect of the English language.
iv.  The importance of visuals in Second Language Acquisition.
v.     Using visuals through Media in the language Classroom.
vi.  The significant effect of using audio-visual in leaning
vii.     Summary of review of literature.