TEACHER’S ATTITUDE AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN EKITI STATE - UNIPROJECTS

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TEACHER’S ATTITUDE AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN EKITI STATE



TEACHER’S ATTITUDE AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN EKITI STATE
ABSTRACT
This study was planned to look into the Relationship Between Teachers Attitude and Students Academic Performance in Economics in Ekiti State with particular reference to Gbonyin Local Government.
In order to achieve the objective of this study a structured questionnaire was used and distributed to two hundred (200) respondents on the relationship between teachers attitude and students academic performances in Economics.
The data were analyzed with the use of percentage techniques on the relationship between teachers attitude and students academic performance in this said area.
The study revealed that teachers attitude has positive influence on students academic performance and the members of the community at large. It was observed that, financial assistance is open to members which contributes immensely to the welfare of members.
Based on the findings of this study some recommendations were made in order to solve the problems of teacher’s and students in the local government.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                            
Certification                                                                         
Dedication                                                                         
Acknowledgements                                                              
Abstract                                                                             
Table of Contents                                                                   
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1            Background to the study                                                       
1.2            Statement of Problem                                                 
1.3            Purpose of the study                                                   
1.4            Significance of the study                                                        
1.5            Research Questions                                                      
1.6            Research Hypothesis                                                    
1.7            Scope of the study                                                               
1.8            Definition of terms                                                                
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.1            Introduction                                                                  
2.2            Teaching and Learning of Economics                                     
2.3            Performances of students in Economics                       
2.4            Summary of the Literature                                            
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1            Introduction                                                                            
3.2            Research Design                                                          
3.3            Population of the Study                                                
3.4            Sample and Sampling Techniques                                
3.5            Instrumentation                                                        
3.6            Reliability of the Instrument                                        
3.7            Procedure for data collection                                        
3.8            Procedure for data analysis                                          
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1            Introduction                                                                  
4.2            Hypothesis One                                                           
4.3            Hypothesis Two                                                          
4.4            Hypothesis Three                                                        
4.5            Hypothesis Four                                                          
4.6            Discussion of Findings                                                 
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1            Summary                                                                    
5.2            Conclusion                                                                   
5.3            Recommendation                                                          
REFERENCES                                                         
APPENDIX                                                              
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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1            Background to the Study
The knowledge of Economics is very important in all aspect of human life.  This has been emphasized in the Nigeria school curriculum.  This is also evident in the National Policy on Education, Federal Ministry of Education (FME) 1981, that Economics is among the important subjects in Nigeria education system.  The study of Economics will bring about self reliance and Economics development of any nation.  Emphasis is being laid on Economics because of its key role in the study of human behaviours and the study of the economy of the world.
Apparently, no nation can develop economically without emphasis on the study of Economics as a course in the secondary and tertiary institutions.
For a nation to develop, it must understand the importance of study economics.  Economics is one of the important subjects which form a bedrock of secondary school curriculum.  In secondary school today economics is among the important subjects in West African school certificate examination.  Although their performance after the examination is not encouraging.
Environment according to Horby (1993) means “surroundings, circumstances influence”.  He also defined impact as the force of an idea or invention or system?
Therefore environmental factors according to Owolabi (1999) means, the home, school, teachers methodology.  Home background such as the socio – economic status of the family will dictate to a large extent how well to the students perform to a academics.  This is to say that enriched environment will foster learning while impoverished environment will impede learning.
1.2            Statement of Problem
The problem under study is linked with the unsatisfactory state of affairs in the Nigeria educational system.  The establishment of special schools, government schools and community schools has resulted in the provision of (Economics) facilities than others.
The environment varies from schools to school.  It has not been very possible to reconcile school educational facilities to school environments.  In addition, it is not certain whether the government has adequate information on the actual relationship between teachers attitude and students academic performance in Economics which forms the need for this study.
1.3            Purpose of the Study
This is designed to investigate the relationship between teachers attitude and students academic performance in Economics in senior secondary certificate Examination. The study specially is to find out how, professionally qualified and experienced economics teachers, good equipment, adequate school building and furniture, good library and suitable textbook, good administrative management as well as location influences students performance.
1.4            Significance of the Study
The knowledge of the study will open up immense advantage or school and society as it will help the university curriculum designers to become award of the strengths and weakness in their programme for aspiring teachers especially Economics teachers to know when the restructure or modify the university curriculum in order to suit the every growing needs of the society.
Make secondary school teachers become aware of the need to relate classroom learning to their environment and day to day living and also of the importance of field trip to understanding situation and thereby make some suggestion on the need of Economics facilities in schools.  Make the students aware of the relation schools.  Make the students aware of the relationship between teachers attitude and students academic performance in Economics in secondary school certificate examinations to be able to make necessary adjustment on their study habit.
1.5            Research Questions
As discussed earlier, the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between teachers attitude and students academic performance in Economics in senior secondary certificate examination.  For this reason certain questions must be asked to achieve the objectives to the study.
1)                Does academic achievement of students in economics have relationship with adequate facilities in schools than those without adequate facilities?
2)                What is the relationship between teachers attitude and students academic performance in economics in secondary school with economics teachers qualification?
3)                What relationship between teachers attitude to work have on students achievement in economics?
4)                Does teachers attitude to administration have relationship on the students performances in economics?
1.6            Research Hypotheses
In investigating the problems of this study the following hypotheses were formulated and tested.
1)                There is no significant difference between the academic achievement of students in Economics and school with adequate facilities
2)                Students performance in secondary school in Economics does not relate with economics teachers qualifications?
3)                There is no significant relationship between the attitude the teachers attitude to administration and student performances in Economics.
1.7            Scope of the Study
There are many environmental factors which influence the performances of Economics students in secondary school economics.  These include professionally qualified and experience economics teachers, good equipment, adequate school buildings and furniture good library administrative management, location of home background e.g. economic status of the family.  All these variables cannot be treated in this research because of the time limit nature of the study and availability of resources, only the following factor would be dealt with such as professionally qualified and experienced economics teacher good equipment in economics good equipment in economics good administration management and teachers attitude to work.


1.8            Definition of Terms
To remove ambiguity and misconceptions of working terms which may be subjected to several interpretation.  A precise operational definitions of terms are given below as used in the study.
1)                Economics: According to professor I. Robbing “is the science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative use”
Ends refers to human wants which are so numerous that they are said to be insatiable.  For example a student needs, clothes books shoes etc these needs are so many and unlimited scarce means.  Means that resource available for us to use in satisfying our numerous wants but these resources or very scarce and are never enough to satisfy more than a few needs at any given time e.g. money, time, land etc.
2)                Alternative Uses: The scarce available means or resources have so many competing uses to which they could be put e.g. the student who have some money has to choose between the payment of his school fees and purchase of his textbooks
3)                Statistics is concerned with collecting organizing summarizing, presenting and analyzing data
4)                Table: A table shows the relationship between two or more variables.  Table are often used as a summary of events.
5)                Attitude: According to Longman Dictionary contemporary English “the opinions and feeling that someone usually has bout something.
6)                Environment can be defined as all the situations, events, people etc that influence learning.  A helpful, learning environment are home, school, methodology, socio – economic background, status of the family, cultural factors, school infrastructural facilities, the school leadership pattern and peers influence.
7)                Teaching according to Van Dalen and Brittei (1959) is a means of guiding students through planned activities so that they may acquire the richest learning possible from their experience.
8)                Learning can be defined as relatively performance change in behaviour that occurs as a result of previous experience.
9)                Achievement according to Longman dictionary something important that someone succeed in doing by his/her own efforts.