APPLICATION OF COMPUTER IN TEACHING AND LEARNING IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS - UNIPROJECTS

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APPLICATION OF COMPUTER IN TEACHING AND LEARNING IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS



ABSTRACT
This study was to develop the application of computer in teaching and learning in junior secondary school in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State.  The study answered four research questions.  The application for the study comprises of three secondary schools in the local government.  Questionnaire was administered on the respondent that four points rating scale was used to rate the level of respondents analysis revealed that the application of computer science in teaching that the application of computer science in teaching and learning were agreed with by the respondents.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                        
Certification                                                                                            
Dedication                                                                                   
Acknowledgement                                                                                 
Abstract                                                                                        
Table of contents                                                                          
CHAPTER ONE
Background of the study                                                                           
Statement of the Problem                                                                 
Purpose of the study                                                                        
Research Questions                                                                          
Hypothesis                                                                                                
Significance of the study                                                                            
Limitation of the study                                                               
Definition of Terms                                                                
CHAPTER TWO
Review of Related literature                                                           

CHAPTER THREE
Methodology                                                                              
Design of the study                                                                     
Area of the study                                                                          
Population of the study                                                                  
Sample of the study                                                                      
Validation of the Instrument                                                            
Administration of the Instrument                                                    
Data Analysis Techniques                                                               
CHAPTER FOUR
Analysis and Interpretation of Data                                                
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations                                 
Summary                                                                                         
Conclusion                                                                                       
Recommendation                                                                            
REFERENCES                                                                               
QUESTIONNAIRE                                                                        

CHAPTER ONE
Background to the study
In recent times, the world has witnessed a rapid increase in technological innovations.  This era ushered in the advent of the electronic computer system among other modern technologies.  At present, the computer technology has permeated nearby all aspects of human organization roles and education.
Computer encompasses almost all facts of human endeavours.  So much has been written n it and its relatedness to all areas of human disciplines which include computer/information technology, engineering, agriculture etc.
Today, computer technology in schools is one of the most far – reaching and fast growing developments in education.  Like maize in a plantation during a storm, countries all over the world are bending towards the fad of computer Development in science and technology has brought to line light the indispensables roles of computer in the area of education.  It is a new instructional system.  The incursion of the electronic computer system into the education parlance, according to Sherman (2003) provides the where with all the solve teaching and learning problems even more rapidly and accurately than hitherto concerned.  This had eventually made the computer system the doyen of humanity as it continues to exact greater acceptance.
Computer, according to Jayesimi (2007) has become the ‘nowology’ in our society and possibly futuristic years ahead.
In secondary schools, computers are widely used and the need for computer technology and literacy in the educational system has become more relevant.  Computer has been found to be an effective device for presenting an instructional programme.  According to MC Cormick (2008), computers can be used to diversity, develop and improve the pedagogical relation of teaching and learning.  Also, technological development can only be enhanced through proper acquisition of scientific knowledge, which can only be realized through relevant training in science, mathematics and computer education.  It was in this light that the federal government of Nigeria launched and natural policy on computer literacy of primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education in 1987 with the following general aims:
·                    For the computer to transfer the school system, as there is increased merger between the computer technology and communication, and
·                    To equip the individual or student with thorough understanding of the computer in order to fit in to the nejet century
Statement of the Problem
As excellent and important the computer, it has not really gained its root in our Nigerian schools let alone the entire society its impact is not strongly felt by all, especially by our students.
This is because there are some challenges facing its implementations in our society.  Some of the challenges are listed below.
The challenges of computer education are both educational and administrative.  The prominent among the administrative problems is:
Cost: over the years, the cost of computer had been on the high side.  This has been a different to the adoption of computer for instructional purposes in most Nigerian secondary schools.  Coupled with this is the exorbitant price of software and hardware.  Where attempts are made o purchase computers for instructional purposes, the costs of installation, maintenance and replacement re unavoidable.
Another impediment to use of computer in the classroom could be attributed to the syndrome of resistance to change among the Nigerian teachers. 
The view the use of computer in teaching as a means of displacing them form their cherished job rather than an instructional material to enrich teaching and learning.  Also, they regard the use of computer as an increase in their tasks in the classroom without adequate compensation.
Death of instructional facilities militates against the use of computer teaching in learning in the secondary schools.  Facilities such as adequate air condition, appropriate computer environment and building are not provided.
Purpose of the study
The purpose of the study is to examine the following
1)                To find out the effect of computer in teaching and learning in the classroom settings.
2)                The extent that the teachers uses computer as a language of instruction in the classroom
3)                To investigate how skillful the teacher is in using computer
4)                In what ways has the computer through internet helped in increasing the intelligent quotient of the learner.
5)                To make recommendation for improving the use of computer in all secondary schools
6)                To make recommendation for the curriculum planner.
Research Questions
1)                Is thee number of computer science teachers adequate for the population in the secondary schools?
2)                How does the pupils perform when taught with the aid of computer?
3)                Can by subject teacher teach computer science effective?
4)                Are the computer science teachers adequately qualified to teach computer science in secondary schools?
5)                Is there a properly equipped computer science laboratory in the school?
Hypothesis
i.                   There is no properly equipped computer science laboratory in the school
ii.                 There is no adequate qualified teachers to teach computer science in the secondary schools
iii.              There is no enough number of computer science teachers in the school.
Significance of the study
The study will benefit various aspect of the society in the following ways:
1)                This study will give the secondary school teachers awareness that computer is not there to displace them rather it is there as an instructional material to enrich teaching and learning
2)                This research will help the computer science authors for secondary school to improves the teachers.  Guide and its content in the use of computer in teaching and learning
3)                The research will engender the teachers to strive to improve their pupil in computer science
4)                Curriculum developers and curriculum inventors will endevour to improve on the computer in teaching and learning.
Limitation of the study
This research work focus on the secondary in Ikere local government area of Ekiti State.
It doesn’t examine schools in other states, so it may not be highly recommended for secondary schools in other state due to difference in the race of geographical to pology, the state economy and so many other reasons.

Definition of Terms
All the words or terms used in the research project are familiar in nature and the meaning of sane are s follows:
Computer: computer is an electronic machine which accepts data, process data, store data and bring out the result as information.
Teaching: is an activity or set of activities with the sole intention of bringing about learning.
Learning: is seen as the gaining of knowledge, understanding or skill through study, instruction or experience.