PROBLEMS AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS - UNIPROJECTS

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PROBLEMS AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS



PROBLEMS AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION STUDIES  IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KAWALI AREA COUNCIL


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
          Religion can be defined as the beliefs, attitudes, emotions or behaviour constituting man’s relationship with the power and principle of the universe especially with a deity or deities. It is also an object of conscientious devotion or scrupulous care.     Christian religious studies is an aspect of religion that was first regarded as a sectional religion. It was a religion of the Jews, then called Judaism or Yahwehism otherwise called Hebrew.
          Christian religious knowledge is being practiced in Nigeria till today because it is a boulder of attitude and morality. Religion cannot be separated from education that is the reason why religious education is included in the national curriculum of education right from the primary to the university education (Abioye and Adekunle, 2011).
          Despite the importance of Christian religious studies to the individual and nation in imparting moral values and behavioural change, it is worthy to note that performance of students in the subject is diminishing and poor (Lawal, 2012)
          Due to the challenges encountered during teaching and learning of chrtisian religious studies, students thereby run away from the subject. This alarming rate of performance in Christian religious studies has generated growing concern from various quarters: the parents, teachers, schools and the government.
          One is also worried because of the relative importance of the subject to education excellence and moral development. If care is not taken, the country will be eroded of its moral values and cultures if trends continue like that.
          Problem  for effective teaching and learning of Christian religious studies s for interest to the researchers in summary. The present study investigates the challenges for effective teaching and learning of Christian religious studies in junior secondary school (JSS) in Kwali area council
Statement Of The Problem
          Over the years, the Christian religious studies chief examiners reports have revealed that apart from a relatively low proportion of junior secondary school pupils who perm creditably in the subject, most of the pupils do not well in it.
          This trend of low pupil performance in Christian religious studies has for some times been observed among junior schools in the Kawali area council. Although, concern has been expressed by parents, teachers and other stakeholders about the abysmal performance of junior secondary school pupils in Christian religious studies no discernible efforts have been made to reverse the trend. Consequently there have been low students enrolments for Christian religious studies elective courses in junior secondary schools in Kawali Area council.
          The need for an intervention into the situation is urgent in view of the importance of Christian religious studies in the socio economic development of the nation in general and in the upper east region in particular. For this reason, this study was designed to determine the factors which combined effects have resulted in the prevalent poor performance of junior secondary school students in Christian religious studies in the research area.
          The study will be structured to focus on pupils’ factors, teachers’ factors, school specific factors and instructional actors that affect the teaching and learning and pupil performance in Christian religious studies in the research area.
Purpose Of Study
            The purpose of the study is to find out the problem and possible solutions facing teaching and learning of Christian religion studies (CRS) in junior secondary schools in Kawali Area council, FCT Abuja

Specifically the study aims at finding out.
1.     Find out the problem facing teaching and learning of Christian religion studies in Kawali area council
2.     The extents to which teachers qualification have effect in teaching and learning of Christian religion studies
3.      To what extend does teacher teaching method have effect on teaching and learning of CRS.
4.     to examine if  the use of instructional material have effect in teaching  and learning of Christan religion studies  
5.     The extent to which teachers attitude affect the teaching of Christian religion studies in Kawali area council.
6.     to profer solution on the problem encounter by teachers and students towards teaching and learning of Christian religion studies in kawali area council
1.4 Research Questions
             In the course of this work, specific research questions to be answered are:
1.     What are the Problem in teaching and learning of  biology  Ikere, Local Government Areas of Ekiti State?
2.     Does teacher qualification have effect in teaching Christian religion studies in Kawali Area Council?
3.     What method of teaching do CRS teachers usually used in teaching Christian religion studies in Kawali Area Council?
4.     To what extent do secondary schools in kawali area council have adequate instructional material in teaching CRS
5.     To what extent do the attitude of teachers affect the teaching of CRS in the Area?
6.     What are the possible  solution on the problem encounter by students and teachers towards teaching and learning of CRS in the study area?
Significance of the study
          For any research to be useful it must contribute to the volume of existing knowledge of the field under investigation. In view of this, it is my conclusion that information obtained from this study will help address some of the problem that confront the effective teaching and learning of Christian religious studies at the JSS level of education. It is to suggest remedies that will make students learning of CRS interesting and enjoyable.
          Teachers on the other hand will identify the problems with their methods of instruction and effects in the learning behaviour of their students
          It is also to provide information to the ministry of education, the government and other education stakeholders to embark on intervention to promote the teaching and learning of Christian religious studies at the junior secondary school level.
          The researcher hopes to help the regional and district coordinators at the education office in Kawali area council to upgrade their teaching and learning materials and evolve more time, more innovative strategies for the in-service training programme for Christian religious studies teachers.
          Additionally, the finding will augment the pool of data required by other educational researchers in their body to design interventions to solve educational problems in the teaching and learning of Christian religious Studies.
          In a nutshell, the findings and suggestions that will emerge from this study will aid in inexperienced as well as the reasoned Christian religious studies teacher to meaningfully teach Christian religious studies.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY
          Although the target population comprised junior secondary school and Christian religious studies teacher in Kawali area council, FCT Abuja. The study will make use of five selected secondary schools in Kawali area council for the study.




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