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AN APPRAISAL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS INFLUENCING THE ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES OF SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY IN ADO LOCAL GOVERNMENT, EKITI STATE
ABSTRACT
This research study investigated the effect of environment on the academic activities of senior secondary school students in biology in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State. Five schools were randomly selected out of which one hundred students were sampled survey method was used in the study, questionnaires were also administered to the students. The study revealed the effect of environment on the achievement of senior secondary schools students in Ado Local Government of Ekiti State.
TABLE OF CONTENT
TITLE PAGE
APPROVAL PAGE
CERTIFICATION
DEDICATION
ABSTRACT
TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER ONE
Background to the study
Statement of the problems
Objectives of the study
Research question /hypothesis
Significance of the study
The study area
CHAPTER TWO: Review of the Literature
Preamble
Concept of empirical
Cognitive theory of learning
Empirical studies
School organization
Education practices
Teachers attribute
Socio economic background of the students
The nature of the social matrix
CHAPTER THREE: Methodology
Research Design
Sample and Sampling technique
Instrument
Validity of the instrument
Procedure for Data collection
Procedure for data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR: Analysis of the Result and Discussion
Introduction
Results
Analysis
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, conclusion and recommendation
Summary
Conclusion
Recommendation
Reference
Appendix
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
Poor academic performance of students had been a matter of concern to Nigerian education. it is accepted that individuals differ in potentialities and abilities. Some students are good in all subjects they study some do well in language arts but not in mathematics, science and related subjects. Some have difficulty in expressing themselves in language but show interest in Mathematics, others are generally good academically. Previously studies had shown that the academic achievements in students are usually affected by the socio-economic background of students. Student who came from more favorable environment usually perform better in achievement and intelligence or aptitude test than students from low socio-economic background. (Owoseni 2011).
Considering the standard of education in Nigeria today and the concern of both the parent and the government over the achievement of the students, it is essential that the quality of education in Nigeria should be improved upon. The improvement of Nigeria school children contains series of actors which can affect the scholastic achievements.
The leaners’ performance is partly as a result of environment in which one grows up. Another factors is the mental value and e encouragement research has shown that the subjective measure of the attitude and aspiration of parents are more important that the objective measure of material environment by itself (Adigin, 2000).
Furthermore, student from high socio-economic background live in a better and conducive environment than those from low socio-economic background. They are spurred to higher academic attainment than those from low socio-economic background.
A study of the students home and school variables had been undertaken in order to examine the relationship between the environment of child and his metal ability and achievement.
Statement of the Problems
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 Purpose of the study
The main purpose of this study is to find out extent to which environmental variables determine the students achievement. It is designed to find out the impact of environment on academic performance of students in biology in senior secondary school in Ado Local government of Ekiti State.
 Research Questions
  1. What are the negative influence of ICT in academic activities?
  2. Does media in any sense contribute to the enhancement of the societal academic pursue?
  3. Does peer influence has any effect on academic activities?
  4. How does unemployment affects the academic activities?
Hypothesis
The following hypotheses had been formulated
  • there is no significant different between parents child interaction and the students achievement
  • there is no significant difference between the availability of instructional materials and the students achievement
  • there is no significant different between students whose parents are high in socio-economic status and students who spoke English and students with low socio-economic status who spoke mother language at home
 Significance of the study
The study would help to uncover the factors contributing to the differences in students achievements. Moreover, the factors studied become valid evidence to those concerned with the educational guidance of the students. It would also serve as a reminder that the child is a part the environment very much larger than the school and the progress is considerably affected by the environment.
The Study Area
The study is restricted to Ado Local Government of Ekiti State. It has an area of 3,072km2 and a population of 437,955 at the 2006 census. The economic activities of the area are farming majorly on yam and palm oil production and cocoa religiously, there are different types, they are Christian, Muslim and traditional worshipers. The town also have about forty primary schools and twenty secondary school. There are basic infrastructures which are present in the area such as electricity, health facility, pipe-borne water and information service with a very good road network in the local government.
Definition of Terms
  1. School environment: This is referred to as the size of the school, quality of teachers population and facilities
  2. Academic performance: Students achievement in any standard examination e.g. WASSCE or NECO
  3. Facilities: This refers to libraries laboratories, furniture recreational and teaching aids.
  4. Social exposure: This means the number of social functions students attend

CHAPTER TWO