THE IMPORTANCE OF ELECTRONIC MEDIA IN THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS
As it is generally known in Nigeria that English language is not our first language (L1) but a foreign language, therefore the teaching and learning of English should be strictly adhered to. The writer therefore finds it necessary to examine the progress of electronic media in the teaching of English language in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State. The purpose of the study is to find out the effect of electronic media in the teaching of English language as a result of inadequate provision of electronic media. Electronic media play some vital roles in the teaching and learning of English language. Some of these roles are viz; it facilitates learning; it gives room for students and teachers interaction. It develops students in the use of English language; it also leads to success of students academic performance in English language. The writer adopted random sampling technique in each of the schools selected and only the students in the senior secondary school two (SSS2) were used as sample for the project. In each of the SSS II classes in the five schools, 40 students were selected at random from each class consisted of boys and girls. In schools where they have four arms of SSSII, 10 students were randomly selected in each arm. This made a total number of 40 students per school and 200 students in all the five schools. Therefore, two hundred students filled the questionnaires for students while ten teachers from the five selected schools were given the questionnaires.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page i
Approval page ii
Table of content vii-viii
1. Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1-4
1.2 Statement of the Problem 4-5
1.3 Research Questions 5
1.4 Purpose of the Study 6-7
1.5 Significance of the Study 7
1.6 Delimitation of the Study 7
2. Introduction 8
2.1 Review of Related literature 8
2.2 Electronic Media in Education 9-11
2.3 Radio and Television as Instructional Aids 11-17
3. Introduction 18
3.1 Research Procedure and Methodology 18
3.2 Population 18-19
3.3 Sampling Procedure 19
3.4 Instrument 20-22
3.5 Validity and Reliability of instrument 22
3.6 Administration of Instrument Data Collection 23
3.7 Method of Data Analysis 23-24
4. Introduction 25
4.1 Analysis of Data Result and Discussion 25-33
5. Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 34
5.1 Summary 34-37
5.2 Conclusion 37-38
5.3 Implication 38
5.4 Recommendations 38-40
Appendix I 42-43
Appendix II 44-45
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1.1 Background to the study
An Effective English Language teacher must serve as a model for his students to imitate. To be a good model, a teacher must be well at home in language skills such as the skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening. A language teacher, especially a second or foreign language teacher skills will eventually pass errors to his listeners, this is because one will give out what one possesses.
In an attempt to solve this problem of teaching and learning of English language in Nigerian secondary Schools especially in Akure Local Government Secondary schools, electronic media which refers to the usage of electronic Viz, Radio and Television are suggested in the study as a way of improving the teaching of English Language in secondary schools .
Since English Language is inclusive in the syllabus and even made compulsory for all students, its importance or roles cannot be overemphasized.
The English Language has been a sort of limited lingua-Franca among education people in Nigeria. This can be deduced in one of the write-ups of Adekayero, (1989) in his book titled (Problems of English Language in West Africa.)
English Language has acquired the states of an official language in Nigeria .English language has not only bridged the communication gap among different ethnic groups in Nigeria, but also used as a medium of communication among literates of different linguistic ethnic groups. Through the use of English Language, Hausa man could discuss with Yoruba man without any obstruction.
It is required of all learners to be thoroughly versed in English Language. It should be noted that English language is also an important requirement for award, of certificates and securing admission into higher institutions.
From the time immemorial, there have been poor performance of students in the subject (English Language) which could be traced back to many factors
Such as: non- availability aids, inadequacy of professionally trained English Language teachers and non exposure of students to good methods of teaching that could facilitate learning of the language.
The continuous creation of state in Nigeria has given room to rapid increase in the numbers of television and Radio stations. In view of this, many researches are being carried out in some states in Nigeria to know the Education effect of mass media in our society at large.
This study was carried out to know the extent to which Television and Radio influence the teaching of English Language in Nigeria secondary schools, particularly in Akure Local Government area of Ondo States.
However, the development of Mass Media, such as television and radio have contributed immensely to the teaching of English language and most of the students spend a greater percentage of their time listening to radio broadcast and watching important and educative programmes on television. these new media were designed to entertain, educate and broaden people’s outlook and offer new ways of learning and self-expression. In essence, the importance of mass media such as television and radio to the teaching of English Language cannot be treated with levity hand since students academic performances are largely dependant on the amount of resources made available for teaching the subject.
1.2 Statement of the Problem.
Education is in era of change, this is because traditional methods of teaching are being questioned and re-examined.the universal surge to education on inspiring challenge. This has led to the invention of many technological media devices and system appeared to offer major contributions to the effectiveness and efficiency of educational institutions. Examples of these innovations are filmstrips slide projector. Programmed learning , opaque, projector, motion projector etc
This study is designed to carry out a research in Akure Local Government Area of Ondo state using radio and television stations so as to find out;
1. Whether there are similarities between the role in which radio and television played and in other states where a similar research have been carried out.
2. Whether there are adequate instructional materials in schools.
3. Whether the students learning ability increased with the aid of electronic media.
4. Whether if formality is reduced in the atmosphere of learning, learning can be facilitated.
5. Whether the students are exposed to new ideas and mysteries.
1.3 Research Questions
Based on the above stated problem, the following questions were raised:
1. Are the electronic materials such as radio and television sets in schools?
2. Do electronic media such as radio and television facilitate learning?
3. Do the students learn better in the classroom or in a relax atmosphere watching television?
4. How do teachers of English language make the classroom through the electronic media a place of interpretation of information and creation of reality?
5. Do the students watch educative programmes?
1.4 The Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study was to find out the extent to which television and radio facilitated the teaching of English language in the senior secondary schools in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State.
According to Mcknown (1968), radio and television are affective in stimulating a mental activity because usually at least they are interesting and relatively easy to master. This means that television and radio programmes should have positive effect on both teaching and learning of English Language since the students who are exposed to the use of such instructional programmes feel freer and learn better because the setting in more like on out of school situation in which the atmosphere is formal. Nowadays, the interest being developed towards the use of television and radio programmes is increasing rapidly.
Hence, there is need to examine the impact of the media on education and development. The study, therefore, was intended to find out how teaching and learning of English language could be facilitated through electronic media and it was also set to find out the extent to which they had gone in helping the students in the learning of English language. It would assess the optimistic and pestimistic effect of these media and suggest possible ways of improving it.
1.5 Significance of the Study
It was hoped that the findings of the study would create the necessary awareness for the teacher of English language so that they would see the need to incorporate what the learners learn through television and radio program into the school curriculum to facilitate the student’s interest.
It was hoped that it would enable the media situations to know the effectiveness of their transmission and the students to understand how they could learn English language in a meaningful and positive ways through the conglomeration of visual and sound, and thereby improve on it. It was hoped that the study would be a contribution to knowledge.
1.6 Delimitation of the Study
This study was restricted to selected secondary schools in Akure South Local Government Area of Akure township and the schools were randomly selected to represent all the schools in the whole confined to N.T.A Akure, O.S.R.C, positive F.M. and sunshine F.M all in Ondo State because their transmission is well received in parts of the state.
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