In Nigeria today and in Oye Local Government of Ekiti State in particular, there is problem of students roaming about the street, even in schools where guards are mounted, the students are still found wandering aimlessly on the streets, this issue of students leaving the school compound when they are expected to attend classes had been giving a lot of concern to everybody in the society. This study aimed at identifying the factors that could motivate students in schools and the resultant academic performance of the students in schools and to make recommendation for proper guidance and counseling of students at homes and in schools.
The research will be conducted in some schools, at least 6 schools and 9 schools at most from Oye Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
The researcher made random sampling of some of the subjects offered in senior secondary schools with particular reference to a class and also questionnaire will be used for data collection. The findings were: majority of the students sampled choose good moral performance of school in society as influencing factors; that the use of instructional materials adequately motivate students and improved their performance; that personal factors were the greatest factors influencing motivation in schools; that the family influencing factors motivate students to a considerable extent and improve academic performance. The presence of age mates and attendance of siblings in school as motivational ingredients for students and better academic performance of the students; the extent to which the use of audio-visual aids influence students’ performance in secondary schools.
Based on the findings, the researcher recommends that educational planners send more and adequate instruction materials. Also, the students should be counseled on what they want so as to be motivated.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of Contents viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study 1
Objective of the Study 5
Research Question 6
Significance of the Study 7
Delimitation of the Study 8
Definition of Terms 8
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Meaning of Education 11
Functions of School 13
Meaning of Motivation 14
Theories of Motivation 15
The School 19
Family Influence on Children 21
Societal Factors and Peer Groups 25
Personal Factors 27
Audio-Visual Aid Factors 30
Summary of Reviews 31
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD
Research Design 36
Sample and Sampling Technique 36
Research Instrument 37
Validity of the Instrument 37
Reliability of the Instrument 37
Administration of the Instrument 38
Data Analysis 38
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Discussion of Results 44
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Suggestion for further Study 51
Background of the Study
The home is the first socializing agency of a child. There, he acquires his first image and self, he interacts with others and develops a concept of which he is, deduced from the attitudes and behaviour of the people around him. How he accepts himself and others is largely determined by his relationship with the people, places and situations in his environment.
The school too is an important agency for the transmission of the cultural heritage and providing experiences that will lead him to become contributing member of the society. In the school, he experiences group living, under the guidance of skilled teachers who understand him and who help him actualize his maximum potentials. The school must make clear what is expected of him and how to achieve the expectations. Thus, he will learn to meet each situation in such a way that it will have meaning to him. The curriculum, the educational experiences through which schools seek to direct growth must be selected with reference to both the present needs of the child and the demand of the society. In other words, the school should provide the opportunity for the learner to best utilize his preset motivation for growth towards the desired by the society.
In realization of these facts, the ideal thing is to raise a generation of people who can think for themselves, respect the views and feelings of others, respect the dignity of labour and appreciate those values specified under our broad national aims and live as citizens. It is good to equip students to live effectively in our modern age of science and technology and also inspire them with a desire for achievement and self-improvement both at school and in later life.
Only if the learner harmonizes the purposes stated above with his own growing needs, abilities and interests, he will achieve his maximum potentials and thus discharge his responsibilities to the parent, society and to himself. Every aspect of his environment within and outside himself influences the choice he makes, the tasks he masters and the results he achieves. Experiences which are planned to enhance a child’s self-confidence, self-actualization and in which he sees a purpose and uses, will increase his motivation and participation which can lead to improvement in learning and rention.
In every sphere of human behaviour, success depends largely on the degree to which the individual is determined to succeed. This determination could be inspired by a number of factors which could either weren’t in individual or externally imposed.
In enhancing the growth and development of a nation, recipient of qualitative education are usually distinguished in their field of endeavor. The growing complexity of our societal demand calls for effective and functional education as the only way out.
Austine E. Ejili (2002) noted that there is necessary demand for goods education but its standards seem to be declining and this is why our education system is now living in its former glory. Those who are dedicated and focused might not have the prerequisite learning behaviour because they never know what to do. Academic work demands hundred percent attention while receiving lesson or during personal study at home.
Akinboye (2008) defines motivation as all the phenomena, which incite and promotes learning. Motivation is an umbrella term that is used to explain circumstances, which enhance initiation, maintenance and direction or human behaviour in the pursuit of a good behaviour. Motivation has three components which are; engineering by providing a good orientation for the individual, maintenance and sustenance of behaviour.
Awonbor (2005) note that because of the poor motivation due to inadequate remuneration, poor teaching environment as a result of lack of basic teaching materials, listless and unmotivated learners in the classroom among other, the teachers have become the endangered spears in their own profession. He suggested that students should be academically motivated as this will go a long way to solving most of the problems faced in education system and also increase students’ academic performance. He further remarked that motivating students will help them to be more responsible and have more interest in studies. He also holds that motivation of students will reduce, if not completely be eliminated, high school dropout rates, low enrolment rates, truancy, etc.
In the view of Renchler (1992), every educator needs to be concerned about motivation. It is a quality that students, teachers, school administrators and other members of the community must have. If our educational system is to prepare young people adequately for the challenges and demands of the coming century, students need motivation to learn, parents need it to track the education progress of their children, teacher need it to become better teachers and school administrators need it to ensure that every facet of the school they manage continues to improve.
Statement of the Problem
There are so many adolescent behavioural problems such as socio-economic status, environment, physical development and sex differences. Some are habitually done than others. This is because adolescent being a delicate stage, boys and girls are faced with series of problems which if not properly attended to, may lead to maladjusted behaviour.
Secondary school students are always found on the street at all times during the hours of schooling. Mere looking at the streets with students in their school uniforms at different locations are always a concern to parents, government, teachers, counselors and the society as a whole.
The researcher wants to identify the secondary school students’ motivational factors and the academic performance of secondary school students in Oye Local Government Areas of Ekiti State.
Objective of the Study
This study is meant to identify:
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