This study established the relationship between the Information Technology skills of Secretarial Teachers in Nigerian Colleges of Education and their ability to utilize the Internet for effective teaching. 250 Secretarial Teachers drawn from 58 Accredited Nigerian Colleges of Education responded to the questionnaire that was divided into 4 parts. The questionnaire was used to obtained information on the respondents’ Bio-data and computer use background, Teacher Information Technology Skill Acquisition Competence (TITSC), Teacher Information Technology Skills Usage (TITSU), Teacher Information Technology Internet Knowledge (TITIK), and The extent of usage of Internet information to teach the Secretarial courses. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficientat 0.01 level of significance. Using Choudhury’s Range, there was a moderate positive correlation or relationship between the IT skills of Secretarial Teachers and the ability to use internet to access information for effective teaching. The implication of this result is that, if the secretarial teachers are more competent in their IT skills, then the more will they be enabled to access information from the Internet for effective teaching. In this study it was found that the secretarial teachers were not knowledgeable in the use of some vital and important Internet instructional delivery tools. Secretarial Teachers in the Nigeria Colleges of Education lacked some vital Information Technology skills such as, ability to operate data base, ability to extract relevant information using integrated software packages, ability to extract information using electronic mails and application software, ability to use voice recognition system and ability to operate other different technologies and appreciate their benefits. It was therefore recommended that, National Commission of Colleges of Education should bring together all the secretarial education stakeholders: curriculum experts, the teachers, representatives of ministries and industries; to revisit the existing curriculum. The integration of latest Information Technology practices and the requisite Internet skills which the Secretarial Teachers lack, will reposition Secretarial Studies programme to meet the challenges of an IT driven classroom.
This study was to establish the relationship between Information Technology (IT) skills of Secretarial Teachers in Nigerian Colleges of Education and their ability to utilize the Internet for Effective Lecture Delivery. Many secretarial teachers possess some degree of IT skills but these skills were not utilized to access information from the Internet, thereby not making them to be current and innovative within the mainstream of classroom teaching and learning. The major objective of the study is to discover how to fill the gap that existed between Information Technology Skills possessed by Secretarial Teachers in Nigerian Colleges of Education and the actual usage of the skills to access Internet for information that will assist them in effective Classroom Delivery. Four Research Questions and four Null Hypotheses were generated for this research study. The research design employed for this research study was the descriptive survey research. The Population for the study was 250 Secretarial Teachers drawn from 58 Accredited Nigerian Colleges of Education. No sampling was done because of the small size of the target population. However, out of the 250 Secretarial Teachers, only 225 Secretarial Teachers responded to the questionnaire that was divided into 4 parts. The questionnaire was used to obtained information on the respondents’ Bio-data and computer use background, Teacher Information Technology Skill Acquisition Competence (TITSC), Teacher Information Technology Skills Usage (TITSU), Teacher Information Technology Internet Knowledge (TITIK), and The extent of usage of Internet information to teach the Secretarial courses. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for answering the five research questions, while t-test was used to test for differences, and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to test for relationships of the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study shows lack of basic learning experiences needed to adequately equip the teachers with ability to download and upload quality information and teach students how to do that. Owing to the lack of these IT skills therefore, the teachers were not capable in accessing Internet by using some Information Technology facilities to get vital information for effective classroom delivery. Though there was a significant relationship between Information Technology skills acquisition and classroom delivery. As weak as the relationship was that was discovered in the study, it was only effective on Office Practice, a course out of other courses offered in the Secretarial programme. The study concluded that, anyone that must be a proficient, versatile, current, effective and efficient teacher of office education in any of the Nigerian Colleges of Education, must be computer literate, highly skillful and innovative, and should demonstrate how to utilize and develop Information Technology in order to remain relevant in the modern day world teaching and research. Recommendations included the need for NCCE to integrate the current practices of Information Technology into the curriculum of the NCE secretarial education of the Nigerian Colleges of Education, and the need for an urgent retraining of the Secretarial Teachers in line with current Information Technology operations and societal needs to augment for an up-date of curriculum content.
Background to the Study
The Internet is used in diverse fields, such as business, entertainment, education, communication, medicine, defence, engineering and sports (Okebukola, 2008). Information plays a key role in the formation and structure of societies, no matter how small. Therefore, with the introduction of computers and communications with their management to yield information Technology, resulting into their remarkable capabilities of storing, processing and transmitting information, there was bound to be profound societal impacts. Information Technology has the world’s largest broad band which embraces all networks has changed the face of the world we live in. Information Technology enables people to communicate with family, friends and colleagues around the world instantaneously, gain access to global libraries, information resources, and numerous opportunities, hence Information Technology must have brought improvement in the Nigerian educational sector (Adeshina, 2007).
Information Technology has had more impact on administrative service and the private sector as they are used for admissions, registrations, fee payment, purchasing than on the fundamentals of classroom teaching and learning. In view of this fact, the Information Technology is yet to revolutionize the classroom. According to Gambari and Okoli (2007), it is changing the learning experiences of students by relaxing time and space constraints as well as providing easier access to information on-line, journals and e-books. The Nigerian Colleges of Education in Nigeria have been established to provide professionally qualified non-graduate teachers who will teach in the primary and secondary schools of Nigeria. The Certificate awarded is Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) in various disciplines which cut across Social Sciences, Languages, Sciences, Vocational and Technical Education. Secretarial Education is one of such courses taught within the domains of the Vocational and Technical Education, particularly in the Business Education programme. It is an option that attempts to impart practical and applied skills as well as the basic scientific technologies so that the recipients can enter into secretarial occupation and advance in it.
With this document put in place for implementation in the Nigerian Colleges of Education, acquisition of IT competencies and ability to utilize such competencies became imperative. Therefore, if secretarial teachers are to graduate students that would be relevant in the secretarial world of work, they must possess and utilize these skills effectively.
Although provisions have been made for teachers to acquire Information Technology skills, so as to qualify to teach in the entire Business Education Programme, Computer Literacy is a requirement. However, it is not clear whether all the secretarial teachers have the Information Technology skills, hence the need to assess the level of their IT skills and to see how much of it they have been able to use it to access information from the Internet for effective teaching delivery and production of IT compliant products.