Background to the Study
The rate at which students generally run away from literature as a subject in secondary schools needs to be assessed. This is clearly in connection with the students lack of proper and deep knowledge about what literature means and its values right away their junior classes.
      Aulus (2001) said “Littera in antiquity is simple the study of the arts and letters.
      It can not be possible for literature to limit itself to the Greek ideal of man only since it is an inclusive term. It can also refer to all kinds of writing including those of erudite nature, theology, philosophy and even natural science.
      Gradually, the term is narrowed down to what we call imaginative literature today. The poem, the play, the tale in particular.
      Jean George (2002) used literal as a synonym of belles letter and narrowed it expressively to the epic, the tragedy, the comedy, the ode the fable, history and eloquence. Thus, literature can be used to refer to any thing in print. Literature can also summed as the totality of human experiences about life. Also it is a channel through which an artist exhibits his power of imagination.
      Literature is like the work of a fine artist who draws pictures. The difference is that, while the painter uses paints to creates or realize his images, the creative writer creates literature through words.
Poor leadership is a problem that faces literature generally in our society today. Daniel (2000) in his essay little “Learning English Language from literature Nigerian junior secondary class pointed out that reading, is not an established habit in many of Nigerian home. The Nigeria child generally sees literature as a school subject to be studies either for an impending examination or for classroom purposes like other school subject. It makes sense to him only when the teacher takes time to explain it.
Literature for children therefore is approached or remembered purely as a means to an end: the passing of examination and the benefit thereof. In Nigeria for example, a lot of people do not have time to read. Many have pleasure in spending there time on business,  drinking, partying and other activities of no educative value.
      These traits that lie persistently in most Africa parents have been transferred to there children. Many children do not like reading. Some are not even interested in reading at all this is due to lack of understanding of what literature means.
      Due to ignorance many children thinks about literature as a subject that consist only of prose, drama and poetry. The moment they are not interested in any of the three, it means they are not interested in literature whereas they do not understand that anything in print is literature, that literature is a broad term which covers all areas of human disciplines.
      This is the reason why we can talk of the literature of mathematics, English, Geography etc. and the moment the students do not develop interest in reading right away from the elementary school, such student will find it difficult to make up for their inadequate when they got to higher classes. This includes many of the reasons why a student fails the other subject apart from literature.
Statement of Problem
For many years, now there have been expressed concerns about the problems faced by most of the students in literature in English in secondary schools.
      Such problems include insufficient training, inadequate facilities, poor teaching techniques, and inappropriate language of communications. It has been observed that for many years, secondary school students use to have massive failure in there literature in English examination both terminal and school leaving examination (SSCE).
      It is in view of this that the researchers are interested in finding out the cause of the massive failure, putting into consideration the effect of teacher behaviors. Literature in English, like many other core subjects in secondary requires a lot of skill for proficiency in the teaching and learning process. The problems of teaching literature in English are not recent issues but have existed since the introduction of the subject in the school curriculum. The major complaint in teaching literature in English have always been associated with the behaviors of the teachers towards literature in English. Among the noted of factors are:
A.  Domination of the class by the teachers alone
B.   Inappropriate language of communication
C.  Discouraging the student to ask question
D.  Lateness’ and absent of the teachers from there lessons.
As a result of this, the researchers therefore aim at looking into the factors affecting the poor performance of the students in literature –in- English with regard to proficiency achievement of the students in the subject.

Research Questions
The following questions will help us to investigate the factors affecting poor performances of students in literature in English in selected secondary schools in Akure South Local government Area of Ondo State
A.    Does the home make any significant impact on the performance of the student in literature?

B. What role has the library in the effective teaching of literature-in-English?
C.    Do the environment make any significant impact in the teaching of literature in English?
D.  Do the teachers use instructional materials when teaching literature in English?
E.   How reliable, useful and suitable are the textbooks used in teaching literature-in-English

The following hypothesis are to be tasted in the study
A.     There is no significant difference between the performance    of student with rich parents and those with poor parents.
B.     There is no significant difference between the performance of students in school with library facilities’
C.     There is no significant difference between the performance    of students in the rural area and those in the urban areas’
D.     There is no significant different between the  performance      of students that there teacher used instructional materials         when teaching literature in-English
E.     There is no significant difference between the performance    of students that used reliable and suitable textbooks in     teaching literature in-English
Purpose of the Study 
The main purpose of this work is to study and identify the causes of students poor performances in literature –in-English at the school certificate level with a view to suggesting and recommending possible remedial measures.
Significance of the Study
The study is significant because, the identification of causes and possible remedies for poor performances of students in literature in-English will help reduce the problems encountered in teaching and learning of literature in-English on the parts of the teachers and students.   
Scope of the Study
This study is limited to selected secondary school in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State. For the purpose of a better result, students offering literature in-English in SSS3 as well as teachers of literature in-English in SSS3 in the selected schools will be asked to supply information on the research.
For the purpose of financial limitation, the study is carried out in selected schools within Akure South Local Government. Some factors have also determined the limit of the study to cover the area are:
A.          Provision of instructional materials for the student
B.           Provision of conducive environment for the learning
C.          Good qualify teachers for the students to teach the literature in-English.
D.          Provision of library facilities for the student.


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