GENDER FACTOR IN THE CHOICE OF TEACHING CAREER AMONG SELECTED STUDENT IN THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Content
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Objective of the Study
Significance of the Study
Scope of the Study
Definition of Terms 6
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Empirical Framework Theoretical Framework
Gender as a Determinant of Employment Opportunity
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Area of the Study
Population of the Study
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Instrument for Data Collection
Validation of the Instrument
Administration of the Instrument
Data Analysis Technique
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
The study is aimed at investigating gender factors in the choice of teaching career among selected student’s in the college of education, Ikere –Ekiti. To carry out the study, three research questions were reviewed in line with the purpose of the study. The design of the study was survey design. The population of the study consisted of all students in College of Education, Ikere Ekiti. 80 students were randomly sampled. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study revealed that, Students’ career choices are influenced by numerous factors including outcome expectancies, individual variants such as gender, personal interests, learning experiences, environmental factors and personal contacts. Outcome expectancies were the most influential factors in students’ career choices’ however gender and the environment play a very minimal role when it comes to career choice. It was recommend that there is need for government and other stakeholders to look into ways of encouraging male students to take teaching as a career in their life. The study further recommends that, after initial career decisions have been made, career counselors can continue to encourage successful career development by identifying sources of psychosocial support available to students.
Background of the Study
In a situation where there are options for someone to choose from, one is likely to face the problem of choice. This is very common in the choice of career. This has been a very serious problem for most people especially, students who are faced with the task of choosing a life career. Most of the students that are found in the secondary schools fall within the ages of 11 and 20 years. This period of time is tagged adolescence. Because of the demand of this stage adolescents are concerned about their future, particularly in terms of selecting a vocation and majority of them are observed to have ended up with vocational and emotional maladjustments, dissatisfaction in work, frustration, conflicts and failure in life, unable to self-actualize, because of wrong choice of careers (Salami 2007 and Madu 2006). Record shows that the issue of career guidance has been emphasised by the Federal Government in the National Policy on Education (2004) which says inter alia, "in view of the apparent ignorance of young people about career prospects and in view of personality maladjustments among school children, guidance counsellors will be appointed in the post primary institutions. In reality, government made qualified guidance counsellors to function as career masters in the schools to nurture the vocational behaviour of the students.
Okon (1997) and Olayinka (1994) discover that most young Nigerian secondary school graduates encounter problems when moving from school to work because of lack of relevant information about occupation, lack of personal and education requirements to progress on the job. It could be said that occupational preferences are not the only concerns, there are so many yardsticks by which a person can view his potential success in life. It is important that identifying oneself vocationally, however, depends upon coming to terms with one's personal characteristics, values, life purposes and orientation towards or away from jobs. It became very clear that the life style anticipated by the adolescent and the specific work he considers he might be able to do are important to the child and deserves consideration by the school. Several factors are responsible for varying choic of career among individuals, such as intellectual abilities, aptitude, schools, personality values, child rearing practices, relatives, parents and friends (Oladele 1997; Gesinde 1979; Makinde 2005). Stanley (1996) argues that prestige of a profession was a factor in occupational choice of students.
Ogunmola (2004) also emphasizes on gender parity as an influencing factor in career decision-making process. It is a known fact that the occupation that one prefers influences other aspects of his life, perhaps more than any other single factor. Gesinde (1979) opines that one's job determines how much money one earns, where and how one lives, on the overall how one spends a sizeable proportion of his lifetime. In the final years of secondary School III, the students who will soon graduate begin to choose the type of occupation that would be suitable for them in life. Salami (1997) confirms that many Nigerian students choose occupations at different level of education attainments. Some choose their occupation at the end of junior secondary school, some others, at the end of senior secondary school III, very few citizens enter post secondary institutions and choose their occupations. But for most of them their choice is being motivated by a variety of factors which in themselves are not the real indices of success in occupation.
Statement of Problem
Some of the factors that influence students in choice of teachering career include interest parental influence, peer group or social behaviours, teachers attitudes, teachers influence, and proficiency , gender e.t.c. It is therefore not clear whether there is clear cut distinction in the factor influence student career choice among secondary school students The low performance of females tend to result in fewer females choosing certain careers, therefore creating the perception that some careers are better suited for males while others are suitable for females. The study therefore will investigate gender factors in choice of teaching career among selected student in college of education, Ikere-Ekiti
Objective of the Study
The main objective of this study is to examine gender factors in the choice of teaching career among selected student in the college of education, Ikere Ekiti
The specific objective will determineThe types of career male and female students in secondary schools in college of educati