EFFECT OF PARENTAL PROFESSION ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCEIN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING - UNIPROJECTS

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EFFECT OF PARENTAL PROFESSION ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCEIN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING

EFFECT OF PARENTAL PROFESSION ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC  PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
Education is generally regarded as one of the most important tools for national  development. This could be seen in the huge amount of fund invested annually by Government for the main purpose of providing qualitative and quantitative education at all levels in Nigeria. In the education system of Nigeria, stakeholders such as parents, government and society play a vital role that needs to be acknowledged. Educators and researchers have long been interested in exploring variables contributing to academic performance of students. Academic performance is affected by a number of factors including age, gender, geographical location , ethnicity, marital status, socio-economic status, parents education level, parental occupation, language, income, religious affiliations and school background
The influence of parental profession on students academic performance in Financial Accounting needs to be addressed considering the fact that Government expects good result at the end of SS 3. Parental occupation is considered to have a place in academic performance of students because the nature of occupation affects the time parents spend at work and at home and the attention they give to their children especially in their studies. Maternal employment has overall impact on the time mothers spend with their children, although one hour increase in employment is associated with a much smaller reduction in time spent with children. The truth is that the time consumed by one occupation differs from the other since the length of training differs as well. Some professions allow those engaged in them to have more time to themselves and these include teaching and lecturing, while other professions such as banking, piloting and sailoring take greater hours of those that are engaged in them.
Although some parents with busy schedules may make all necessary provisions for their children's education, children reared under such atmosphere may be delinquent and may not be serious academically despite all the provisions made for them. Children of average or poor parents may perform better because their parents have invested time in the children's education. Hawthorne (2004) has stated that the role played by parents in their childrens education and general competencies in understanding and use of language in understanding some concepts cannot be ruled out. Moreover, some children tend to emulate their parents in whatever they do so as to become like them especially in the choice of career and this can propel them to work harder in their studies. Parents that are medical doctors may end up having one of their children interested in becoming a medical doctor and this may encourage the child to work hard in secondary school to achieve his/her aspiration in the future.
Financial Accounting, in relation to which the impact of parental profession studied in this work, is one of the Business Studies subjects offered at the senior Secondary level. Other Business Studies subjects include Typewriting, Shorthand, Commerce, Office Practice and Insurance. Financial Accounting can be defined as a specialized area of instruction that deals directly with business skills and techniques, business knowledge and facts, business understanding, economic understanding, business attitudes and appreciations necessary to understand and adjust to the economic and social institution called "business" (Udoh, 2003).
Academic performance refers to how students deal with their studies and how they cope with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers. Academic performance is the ability to study and remember facts and being able to communicate the facts and knowledge verbally or in writing .The academic performance of students may negatively correlate with the low parental socio-economic status level as it may prevent the individual in gaining access to sources and resources of learning (Duke, 2000 & Eamon, 2005). Flegm (2005) reports that in educational institutions, success is measured by academic performance or how well a student meets the standards set by the institution.
Performance of students in accounting has not been impressive as reported by researchers such as (Drennan and Rhode ,2010).However, SSCE results of students studying Financial Accounting at the secondary school level is poor as reported by Akinsolu (2010) using WAEC and NECO result analysis. The extent to which parental profession can influence the performance of students in Financial Accounting is what the researcher has interest in knowing.
Statement of the Problem
This study investigates the influence of parental profession on students academic performance in Financial Accounting in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The challenge of students poor performance has been a frequent issue in Nigerian secondary schools and financial accounting is no exception in this regard. It was in an attempt to find a solution to this that Zwingina (2009) asserted that Government college  were established to promote academic excellence in secondary education in Nigeria. However, the decline in academic performance has been attributed to a number of reasons including the profession of the parents of students. Parental involvement has been defined and measured in multiple ways, including activities that parents engage in at home and at school and the positive attitude parents have towards their child’s education, school and teacher. What is however not clear is the extent to which parental profession can influence their children’s performance? This was the intent of this study and it was based on observation of students performance in financial accounting.
Purpose of the Study
The major purpose of this research work was to determine the influence of parental profession on students academic performance in Financial Accounting in  Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
 The specific  purpose of the study were to:
1.      determine the difference in the academic performance of financial accounting students and the parental profession in   Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
2.      determine the difference in the parental profession in teaching/lecturing and medical services on students academic performance in financial accounting in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State
3.      determine the difference in the parental profession in teaching/lecturing and administration on students academic performance in financial accounting in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State
4.      assess the difference in parental profession in medical services with those in administration on students academic performance in financial accounting Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State
Significance of the Study
The result of this research study will be of significance and most beneficial to parents, education planners, children and school counselors in the following ways:-
It is significant for parents to be involved in their children’s academic activities as their profession may not be the reason for the children’s academic performance but other factors such as the need to engage extra lesson teacher at home which may bring about better performance academically.
It will be of immense benefit to the educational planners as there will be an awareness through publication of this research work that parental profession has no effect on students academic performance; instead, if school libraries are equipped with modern textbooks and computers this may enhance better academic performance.
It will help students to pay less emphasis on the type of job their parents engage in as it is not a reason for better/poor academic performance but other factors like regular class attendance and completion of home work/assignment given by their subject teacher
It will be of significance to school counselors so that they can provide the needed counseling to students that the profession of the their parents has nothing to do with their academic performance but other factors like intelligence or diligence are responsible for better academic performance.
Scope of the Study
There are various factors that affect academic performance of students in secondary school. However, this study focused on parents professions in teaching/lecturing, medical services and administration because they were the major variables in this study. In the same way, it was delimited to parental profession based on (biological father or mother).
The study was also delimited to Financial Accounting as a subject because it was the subject in focus in this study. it was delimited to Senior Secondary School students in SS1 and SS2 classes in Ikere Local Government of Ekiti State Ikere Ekiti.
Research Question
1.      What is the difference between the academic performance of financial accounting students and the parental profession in Ikere Local Government of Ekiti State  Ikere Ekiti
2.      What is the difference between the parental profession in teaching/lecturing and medical services on students academic performance in financial accounting in Ikere Local Government of Ekiti State  Ikere Ekiti.
3.      What is the difference between the parental profession in teaching/lecturing and administration on students academic performance in financial accounting in Ikere Local Government of Ekiti State   Ikere Ekiti .
4.      What is the difference between parental professions in medical services with those in administration on students academic performance in financial accounting in Ikere Local Government of Ekiti State
Research Hypotheses
In line with each research question, the following null hypotheses were raised for this study.
1.      There is no significant difference between the academic performance of financial accounting students and the parental profession in government in colleges Ikere Ekiti.
2.      There is no significant difference between the parental profession in teaching/lecturing and medical services on students academic performance in financial accounting in  government college  Ikere Ekiti.
3.      There is no significant difference between parental professions in medical services with those in administration on students academic performance in financial accounting in  government college  Ikere Ekiti.