PARENTAL ATTITUDES AND CHILD’S BEHAVIOUR. A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN AKURE SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ONDO STATE
This study examined Parental attitudes and child’s behavior in selected Primary Schools in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State. One hundred pupils (100) were used in the research and data was collected through questionnaire. The questionnaire were analysed and interpreted using simple percentages. Based on the result of the research work, it was revealed that the parental attitude contributed to the growth or development of the child, the way and manner which children are being brought up at home and the attitude of the parents toward the child determine the child’s behavioural outcomes. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that parent should serve as a good role model and great motivator by showing good example to their childre, parent should have interest in the behavioural attitude of their children. lastly, parent should try as much as possible to take care of their children and provide for their educational needs.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page No
Table of contents
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the Study
Limitation of the Study
Definition of Terms
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW LITERATURE REVIEW
Conceptual of Attitudes and Behavior
Parental Love that Determine Child’s Behavior
The Method of Parental Love: Encouragement
The Depth and Stability of Parental Love
Parental Attitudes towards Reading
Parental Behaviour and Reading
The Purpose of Parental Love: How should be Children Raised
Parental Versatile Roles
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Population of the Study
Sample and Sampling Technique
Validation of the Instrument
Reliability of the Instrument
Method of Administration of Instrument
Method of Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Background of the Study
According to Oxford dictionary a parent is a person’s father or mother, it can be either adoptive parent or biological parent while attitude can be seen as the way people think and feel about the way they behave towards their feeling of mind. The issue of child rearing has become more challenging during the past few years and increasingly greater expectations are leveled at educators and parents. Sheridan & Burt, (2009), claimed that there has been a dramatic decrease in the tradition of parental families while the proportion of single has increased. Ebbeck and Hoi Yin (2009), explained that a number of working mother of young children has risen over the past few decades, so has the use of child care.
Professionals defines good child rearing and the kind of rearing that should be implemented inside the citizens’ homes, yet parents have the main responsibility for rearing their children, even though today’s common discourse revealed how parents seem to carry unreasonable load of guilt and consider themselves insufficient in their rearing and parenting task.
Maljojoki (1989), explained that in Nigeria work was valued as the most important thing in life, over family life and free time in the 1970s. After the middle of the 1990s, the appreciations have started to change considerably in the opposite direction. Aryee, Shirinivas, & Hoon Tan (2005), explained that the value of upbringing is unquestionable actually, it seems that the modern children would need parental love and the safety provided at home maybe more than ever before, still, it is worth remembering that a mother work increasingly outside home. Barnett, (2004) claimed that men have started to use more and more time with home craft and childcare during the past decades. These decisions concerning work family are not just about making compromises. Uusiautti and Määttä, (2010) said that for example positive paternal involvement influences positively the multiple domain of children’s lives from birth through adolescence.
Abbot and Catalano (2008), explained that in all children’s well-being, behavioural and health are developed within the context of the family, Ambert, (1994), Sheridan & Burt, 2009), explained that in today’s parenting world styles and strategies are based on the old age question of nature versus nurture, If parents cannot affect the nature side of the equation, then they will try to affect the nurture part by challenging the way they raise their children, in order to increase their children’s succeeding in society. Parents are always trying to find news way and techniques to build the type of adult they want their children to become. They want their children to be successful, caring and be accepted by the society. Parent go to such lengths to make sure their children learnt certain lessons, perhaps it is because many parents believe that to succeed in the society, certain behaviours must be introduced to offspring in a timely manner.
Eisenberg, (1983), claimed that one of the core societal values that parent should try to teach their children is early on altruism, children are often encouraged to shared toys with siblings and playmate and also share food with their parent during mealtimes, Eisenberg further defined Altruistic by most psychologist as behaviour that is not motivated by any external or internal reward. He further claimed that prosocial behaviour is simply behaviour that benefit another being whether the motive is selfish or altruistic/selfless most parents would like to encourage the type of prosocial, behaviour in their children. However getting a child to behave prosocially is challenge enough.
Adekeyi, (2002), observes that it is family main effort and abilities that children are socialized to become productive citizens. So, wherever parents possess the resources and skills, they apply effectively and joyfully in raising their children
The entire society benefits, this brings joy and pride to the nation, to encourages development and peaceful co-existence. The children themselves feel good and bring happiness to their parents and the whole community. In view of this, the parental attitude on a child behaviour become indispensable factor in the wheel of progress, it is a fact that parental background influences children performances either positively or negatively. A well to do family will have positive interest in the education of their children.
According to Ezewu, (2003), home background affects children especially in respect to their academic achievement, the primary function of family is the rearing and protection of children and the value and belief of the society to them, they also teach children the rules, traditions and ways of doing things. It is also the responsibility of the parent, that provide the children with shelter, food, education, security and personal development.
Statement of the Problem
The influence of parental attitude on child’s behaviour has been a favourite topic to be investigated. It appears that nowadays most parents seems not to be active and alive to their divine and practical responsibilities of raising up their child.
Also some parent might endorse or value the responsiveness to children, but have difficulty express those feelings when child is misbehaving. As a result of this observation, the study focused on parental attitude that determine child’s behaviour.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to investigate the parental attitude that determine child’s behaviour in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State. The objective of the study include:
· Identifying the influence of parental attitude as it affects the child behaviour.
· Carrying out controlled study and investigation in home environment and facilities in these homes for children’s educational development with special references to the local government area.
· Seeking to suggest the possible solutions to the parental behavioural problem affecting child’s behavioural attitude.
Significance of the study
This study will give the parent and government the opportunity of knowing how to deal with problems arising from home in relation to child behavioural attitude outside the home, the findings would also be of benefit, to both teachers and guidance Counsellors in their respective planning, for instance establishing a relationship between the marital set up of home, parents and children relationship in the academic performance of pupils. The study will go a long way to let all educational stakeholder to be aware of the effect of parental attitude that determine child’s behaviour.
Limitation of the Study
This research is restricted to Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State. There are nine (9) primary schools in this local government area. However, as a result of time, factor, financial constraint, the researcher could not go round to all the primary schools in the local government area to carry out the findings.
Consequently, five (5) primary were sampled from different location within the local government area, where the research beliefs could get authentic data for the project.
1. Which parental attitude result in the best child’s outcomes?
2. How do negative/positive thought and cognition hinder child’s development?
3. How can parent harmful attitudes be modified?
Definition of Terms
Attitude: In this study attitude refers to expression of favour or disfavour by parent toward their children
Family: This refers to parent/relation of the pupils used as sample of the study.
Parent: This refers to the mother/father of the children used as sample of the study.
Student: child or offspring used as sample of the study.