THE EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL COMPUTER PROGRAMMES ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ORAL ENGLISH IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS - UNIPROJECTS

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THE EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL COMPUTER PROGRAMMES ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ORAL ENGLISH IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS



TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE                                                                                
APPROVAL PAGE                                                                      
CERTIFICATION                                                                          
DEDICATION                                                                               
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                          
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                               
ABSTRACT                                                                                    

CHAPTER
I                  INTRODUCTION                                             
Background of the study                                  
Statement of the problem                                 
Purpose of the study                                         
Significance of the study                                  
Delimitations of the study                                
Research questions                                                    

II                 REVIEW OF LITERATURE                             
                   The Role of Computer in English language
 teaching and learning                                             
The Computer as a learning and teaching aid        
Grammar based Approaches                                    
Functional Based Approaches                         
Collaborative Approaches                               

III                METHODOLOGY
                   Research Design                                                 
Area of the Study                                              
Population of the Study                                    
Sample of the Study                                          
Instrument for Data Collection                        
Validation of the Instrument                                     
Reliability of the Instrument                                   
Data Analysis Technique                                 

IV               PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA      
V                SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
                   RECOMMENDATION                                              
                             Summary                                                               
Conclusion                                                                 
Implications of the study                                  
Recommendations                                             
Limitations                                                                  
Suggestion for further research                       
REFERENCES                                                   
APPENDICES                                                   


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ABSTRACT
This study attempted to examine the computer programmes in teaching Oral English in Junior Secondary School with computer assisted language learning programs (CALL) with a view to improving students’ achievement in English Instruction (CELI). The study also attempted to find out the effectiveness of the use of Educational Computer programmes in the teaching and learning of English language. The sample of the study is made up of  ten selected secondary schools  in Ado local government  area Ado Ekiti.  The population of the study  included  students in junior secondary schools II and III both private and government secondary schools. Students’ and teachers’ evaluation questionnaires were used as the instrument.  Findings reveals that teachers are aware of the immense benefits of computer programmes in teaching English. Based on the findings, some recommendations are made.


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
          English language is not only Nigeria’s official language but also the language of instruction and reference, throughout the entire educational system. According to Babajide, English language has not only been a central subject in schools, colleges and universities, it also has been gaining increase in the day-to-day human activities worldwide. Thus, competence in English language assumes great importance for students as it directly affects the level of progress attainable irrespective of aptitude in their particular fields.
          Okonkwo and Okpara (2007) posit that competence in English language is an essential pre-requisite for educational and career success. As an official language in Nigeria, English is used for all government transactions both oral and written and it is one of the languages in which information is stored and retrieved from computer, hence it is important that the language is well taught.
          To teach is to help someone acquire skill, attitudes knowledge, appreciate information or ideas. It includes provision of conditions that can promote the building of attitudes, skills, development and other aspects of learning. In the teaching learning process, both the teacher and leaner must be active.

Purpose of the Study
          The purpose of this research is to investigate the utilization of computer programmes in teaching oral English. It  also seeks to study the effectiveness of computer programme in the classroom by the oral English teacher.         The WAEC Chief Examiner report on the May/June 2012 as contained in Okafor (2011) stated that many students fail English language because of inadequate mastery of English language grammar, which manifests itself in many forms: bad grammars, lack of coherency in essays, rough expression of ideas. Evidences abound that the average Nigerian student manifests significant grammatical incompetence and that students upon leaving school nowadays could not articulate sound communication, reading, writing, intellectual and information processing potentialities, which are essential English language skills.

Statement of the Problem
          Given the technological advancement of Nigeria and awareness in the use of computer programs to enhance teaching and learning generally, many junior secondary schools procured computers for use in technology, but having computer is one thing, utilizing it for teaching and learning is another. This study therefore evaluated the use of computer programme in the teaching and learning of oral English in Junior secondary schools in Ado-Ekiti.

Significance of the Study
          It is hoped that the study will provide information on the extent to which the use of the computer in English language instruction is being achieved to highlight the potential of computer in language teaching. The study will equally serve as a document that could be consulted by those charged with educational responsibilities when planning for future actions on computer education in Nigeria schools and it will further stimulate research and or discussion on the issue of computer education implementation at Junior Secondary level.

Research Questions
          Do teachers use computer to teach oral English or English language?
          How effective is the use of computer programme in classroom teaching of English language?
          What are the constraints associated with the effective use of computer programs in the teaching and learning English language?
          Is there any difference in the attitude of male and female students towards the use of computer programs in the teaching and learning of oral English, in English language?

Delimitations of the Study
          This study focuses on the effect of educational computers programs on the teaching of oral English in junior secondary school. It stresses the effect of use of computer on Nigeria students on teaching and learning English language.
          The study involved junior secondary schools in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State. It is the evaluation of how computer programs are used in teaching and learning of oral English at all levels.