AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECTS OF INDISCIPLINE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS - UNIPROJECTS

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AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECTS OF INDISCIPLINE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS



AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECTS OF INDISCIPLINE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS  

ABSTRACT
          This study investigated the effects of indiscipline in some selected primary schools with Ado local government area of Ekiti State.        Fifty (50) teachers were used in the research and data collected through questionnaire. The questionnaires were analyzed and interpreted using simple percentage. Based on the result of the research, it was revealed that conflict rules from parents particularly with regards to moral behaviour do affect children at school, therefore, whatever makes a child misbehave at school can easily traceable to home, also, the type of environment in which the child develop have a serious effect on their behaviour. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that both the home and school environment should be made exciting and conducive for learning to the children, and other educational requirement such as library, laboratory, workshop should be provided and equipped by parents, teachers, government and all stakeholders in education, also, parents should serve as good role models and great motivators by showing good example for their children to follow. Lastly, pupils’ should be taught on how to have good behaviour and respect by their parents.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title                                                                     Page No
Title page                                                                      
Certification                                                                           
Dedication                                                                    
Acknowledgement                                                        
Abstract                                                                        
Table of content Abstract                                             
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction
Background of the Study                                                       
Purpose of the Study                                                    
Significance of the Study                                                         
Statement of the Problem                                                       
Research Question                                                                 
Scope and Limitation of the Study                               
Definition of Terms                                                      
CHAPTER TWO: Review Literature Review
Definition of Indiscipline                                                     
Misplaced Values System in our Society                      
The Impact of Indiscipline in Primary Schools             
Ways of Handling Problem of Indiscipline in
Primary School                                                             
Summary of Literature Review                                              
CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology
Research Design                                                           
Population of the Study                                                
Sample and Sampling Techniques                                     
Research Instrument                                                    
Reliability of the Instrument                                        
Method of Administration of Instrument                      
Method of Data Analysis                                             
CHAPTER FOUR: Results and Discussion
Data Analysis                                                               
Discussion of Findings                                                 
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
Summary                                                                       
Conclusion                                                                    
Recommendation                                                          
REFERENCES
APPENDIX
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 CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
In the past, many Nigerians both literate and illiterate have been expressing their opinion on the fall in the standard of education in schools.
There have been various discussions on the subject and many factors have been attributed to the fall in educational standard of pupils, and one of such factors is indiscipline among pupils with the root firmly established in primary schools.
Government (both past and present) have promulgated various decrees against offences like examination malpractice which includes cheating during examination, leakages of examination papers, penalties as severe as twenty one years imprisonment has been laid down by the provision of the decree against examination malpractice.
Indiscipline among primary school pupils could be termed behavioural problems. Most of the symptoms of behavioural problems are initially manifested by certain children in their home environment. In support of this Baker (2010) started: ‘‘the symptoms of conduct disorders most often start within the family groups’’. It is very apparent that these problems are some of the factors that the child brings into the schools mainly from their homes. This is not to say that behavioural problem in some children may not start in the schools.
Even when symptoms are manifested in such a setting, they are usually due to difficulties within the family, thought, a few observational studies on behavioural problems in children have been carried out; all have shown that there is an increased prevalence of behavioural problems, within  the school in present day Nigeria (Nwagwu, 2008). There have been various Newspaper publications that came up with screaming heading as: “falling moral standards, show of shame at the bar beach’’ All these ought to give parents and guardians food for thought in the upbringing of children
Moreover, the nation faces problem of diverse complexity, which are political, economic, social, educational and religious in nature. Most of these problems have their root causes from our Institutions of learning. Some of these problems that have been recently identified, such as the case of some demonstrations by pupils which led to it destruction of properties worth thousands of naira. In fact in 1978 during the student riot that cut across the three levels (primary, secondary and tertiary institutions) several lives and properties were lost.
Furthermore, there have been cases whereby pupils beat up their head teachers and some members of staff. All the acts of anti-social behaviours like stealing, vandalism, truancy, bullying, lying, disobedience, are continually on the increase and causing concern in the society.
If children with behavioural problems today are not properly identified, diagnosed and treated by specialists, they would be juvenile delinquent adolescents of tomorrow and eventually maladjusted adults in the society. In recognition of this obvious fact the Federal Military Government of Nigeria in 1984 launched “the war against indiscipline’’. But for this and related measure to be of any effect and success, there is a need to identify the causes of behavioural problems among Nigeria children, and this would ultimately be beneficial to the entire society.
This study is aimed at examination of the nature and effect of occurrence and re-occurrence of the offences which promote indiscipline in the primary schools and suggest possible solutions to the problems. For this purpose such disciplinary problems as truancy, disobedience, dishonesty and examination malpractice shall be considered.
Purpose of the Study
The study is aimed at examining the nature and effect of occurrence and re-occurrence of the offences which promote indiscipline in the primary schools under the study. The major offences studied include truancy, disobedience, dishonest and examination malpractice. The study will also find out effects of these offences on the overall tone of the school and how these offences constitute a clog in wheel of school administration and academic performance of the pupils. Possible suggestions will be made on how the occurrence and re-occurrence of these offences can be prevented or reduced in the school. Since schools form part of our recommendation this study will to a large extent help in curbing acts of indiscipline in our everyday lives.
Significance of the Study
It is not an understatement that the bulk of our schools life and the society itself are enmeshed in indiscipline. Indiscipline, which is a state of disregard for laid down rules and regulations, continues to manifest itself in every aspect of life. That some issues still remain unsolved, indiscipline also embraces lack of the following:-
Respect of the tasks of learning, Control of emotions, cultural traditional and religious values, Training of mind and body to inculcate obedience, and other virtues that contribute to and make for peaceful, conducive, productive, progressive and happy life. These acts of indiscipline continue to manifest in our society even by those who are adults. These acts of indiscipline have been very difficult to eradicate in our schools and even in the society.  It follows naturally, therefore, that this certain issues, are either still unresolved or yet to be discovered. It is hoped that this work will produce positive contribution in detecting those hidden issues and making appropriate recommendations to prevent its magnification or to eradicate its causes.
Statement of the Problem
This research work aims at finding solution to the following problems.
(i)    That a pupil family set-up may be a significant factor in the act of indiscipline.
(ii)   That acts of indiscipline such as truancy, disobedience and examination malpractice affects the overall tone of the school
(iii)  That a particular act of indiscipline constitutes a threat to school administration more than other acts of indiscipline.
(iv)  That a good school set-up helps to eliminate or reduce the act of indiscipline in such school
Research Questions
This study is designed to provide answer to the following questions
1.     Do parents influence the attitude or behaviour of their wards at home?
2.     Does the act of indiscipline such as Truancy, Disobedience and Examination Malpractice affect the overall tone of the school?
3.     Does a good school set-up help to eliminate or reduce the act of indiscipline in schools?

Scope and Limitation of the Study
  Due to time factor, the research is limited to Ado local government area of Ekiti State.
  Some primary schools were selected in Ado Local Government area of Ekiti State. Also the research work is limited to information collected from the questionnaires with the belief that such information is as accurate as possible within human error of judgement in the selected schools.
Definition of Terms
Truancy: - Is an act of absence from school, classes or any other school functions without leave or good reason.
Truancy is manifested in school in varying ways. Coming late to class, returning to school or class days or weeks after the beginning of the term, absence from many school functions and doing specific lesson without justifiable reasons.
Disobedience: - is the condition of deliberate failure to obey an order or rule in schools. Among  those offences that fall within this category are flouting specific orders of staff, wearing  wrong uniforms, caps, shoes, belts and jackets.
Dishonesty: - is an indication to deceive or cheat. It is practiced by children in many ways such as withholding school reports, cheating at tests and examination, obtaining money from their parents unlawfully, stealing school properties such as library books, illegally spending school fees, and telling lies against staff or impersonation.
Unethical behaviour: - Employed by pupils in as examination are generally termed examination malpractices. This behaviour is manifested in many ways. It includes among other: smuggling into the examination halls written materials (prepared answers) related to the examination papers, leakages of examination questions in order to have an undue advantages over other candidates, impersonation at examination and illegal act of candidate helping each other during the course of an examination.
Wickedness: - is the act of being evil in principle or practice. In school wickedness is manifested in the following ways, oppression of junior, wilful destruction of school properties, playing roughly during games.
Drug Abuse: - Drug is a substance used as medicine in the treatment of disease. It becomes offensive if it is a banned substance unprescribed, excessively administered and habitually taken.