A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TOWARDS ECONOMICS - UNIPROJECTS

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A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TOWARDS ECONOMICS

A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TOWARDS ECONOMICS
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                                                                                      Page
Title Page………………………………………………….                      
Certification……………………………………………….                      
Dedication………………………………………………....                      
Acknowledgements………………………..……………..…                   
Table of contents…………………………………………..                     
Abstract…………………………………………………...                       
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction
Background of the study…………………………………                     
Statement of the Problem……….………………………..                       
Research Questions …………..………………………….                       
Objectives of the Study………………………………….                        
Significance of the Study………………………………..                        
Delimitation of the Study …………………….…………                       
CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review
Attitude and Performance………………………………                          
Factors Influencing the Performance of Students in Economic……     
Factors Influencing Teacher’s Attitude toward Economics ……….     
Factors Influencing Students Attitude towards Economics……….      
Summary of the Literature Review ………………………………..       

CHAPTER THREE: Methodology
Research Design ……………………………………………                   
Population of the Study …………………………………….                  
Sample and Sampling Procedure ………….………………..                  
Research Instrument ……………………………………..…                   
Validation of the Instrument …………………………………               
Administration of the Instrument ……………………………                
Data Analysis Techniques……………………………………                
CHAPTER FOUR: Presentation and Analysis of Data
Results ………………………….……………….…………..                  
Discussion of the Results …………………………………..                    33                                                                                                                               
CHAPTER FIVE: Conclusion and Recommendations
Summary … ….………..…………………………..………...                  
Conclusion ….……………………………………………….                  
Recommendations …………………………………………..                  
REFERENCES ………………………………….…………                    

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 ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to investigate the attitude of secondary school teachers toward Economics in both private and public secondary schools in Akure Local Government Area of Ondo State.       The sample for the study were selected from 5 private and 6 public secondary schools in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State while the sample consisted 110 teachers randomly selected from the schools through stratified random sampling technique. Questionnaire was designed to collect necessary information on factors that affect teacher’s attitude toward Economics. Copies of the questionnaire were administered to the selected respondent in the selected schools. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage and frequency. The finding indicated that the respondents express both passive and remote causes of the observed attitude of secondary school teachers toward Economics in both private and public secondary schools. Based on the finding of the study, it is recommended that pupils, parents, governmental and organization have role to play to motivate the teacher’s to develop their interest in Economics and live up to expectation in the subject.


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
          Education can be defined as a process through which we acquire knowledge, skills and experience and elicit attitude of positive value which makes us positively functional in our environment, and society. The process as a view of education is that which is acquire intentionally through a systematic and organized procedure (Ballard, 2009).
          Education is an important activity of any society, an instrument of socio-economic upliftment and political mobilization. Education can be seen as a moving force in societal development
          A major controversy among analysts and policy makers concerns what the objectives of education should be is that some have suggested that for a person or attain develop full potential and personality in education, it should be provided for its own sake, as a means of enhancing an individual’s knowledge. This concept of education has continuously influenced policies in some advanced countries of the world. Others on the other hand, hold that education, seeks to prepare people to functions that are essential for transformation of their environment. The two point of view can be related in term of the conflict between regarding education as a consumer good and regarding it as a capital good. As long been conceived, Nigeria is in a developmental stage in which education is both a consumer good and capital good. (Second National Development Plan) 1970-1975. When the concept of education as a capital good is rooted in the concept of education as a capital which attaches high premium to human skills as a factor of production in a development process. A corollary is that human skill or productivity is just an important input in the process of development as a finance, natural wealth and physical plant. Given that education plays important role in the creation and improvement of human capital, its relevance and important to economic growth and development planning cannot be under played. Experience of some developing countries during the rest decades has indicated that the in-depth storage of talent and skills needed for developmental process can be acquire through good education (World Bank, 2010).
          Recognizing the importance of education to National Development, in 1993, the Federal Government established Education Tax Fund (ETF). The fund which is being managed by the Education Tax Board is being disturbed to federal, state and local government institutions including primary and secondary schools, due to the failure of the state and local government to appropriately fund education.
          In view of the importance period, the government has spent a lot of money in formulating policy(ies) on education at all levels and also provision of necessary personnel, infrastructural facilities and incentives,  not only for the teachers but also for the learners (students), to ensure qualitative education  of her citizenry.
           The new National Policy of Education establishment (2010) emphasized the integration of the individual to a sound and greater tomorrow of effective citizen who will function well in the society. The aims is training her citizen as a self-reliant being   
          The new 9-3-4 system of education which was established in the year (2009) provided a unique opportunity for adolescent adult to be gainful employed after their formal education, thus the recipient would not rely solely on government for white collar job but concentrate on what he could do for a living personally i.e. self-reliance. Thus the Nigeria Policy on Education emphasized more on self-reliance, this is what individual could do with his hand and be self-employed after leaving the formal school.
          Economics is one of the major subjects that the new National Policy of Education. It is a subject that cuts across all fields. Economics has a long way from the 16th century, during its early developmental days in hand of classical and Neo-classical economists. Economics has become important and indispensable in our modern society. It impacts on every aspect of our economic life in one form or the other and it is one of the requirements for the success of any form of business, regardless of size and type. The importance attaches to economics in recent times makes it imperative for most people top seek knowledge in respect of the subject.
          However, economics involve offering management service for others who use such service for decision making in the running of the affairs of their organization. In other words, whatever may be the level of self-employment, a good business organization for success.
          Education funding affects the development of teaching and learning process with optimum allocation of scarce resources in a national development. The impact of Education Trust Fund to all field of enquiry such as social sciences, engineering, science, agriculture, education as well as pure and applied science warrants adequate funding. Given this background, it is therefore correct to state that the idea of the impact of Education Trust Fund facilitate either at the primary school level, secondary school level or tertiary education level given that economics as a subject cuts across all field of study, it then becomes imperative to study the impact of secondary school teachers and student toward economics. This is necessary as attitude is a major determinant of performance. Education funding is important because it will aid the development of teaching/learning experience. Impact of education funding provides incentives to education are favorable or unfavorable. Therefore, the performance of any students in tertiary level is a function of the quality of the foundation in the subject at the secondary school level. The primary purpose of this study is to examine the attitude of secondary school teachers towards economics. To guide this is the study, it is important to ask pertinent questions relating to teachers and students attitude towards the subjects’, economics.
Statement of the Problem
          The issue of education funding has been identified in the literature in the past. Funding of the sector is the prerequisite for the attainment of the qualitative education as emphasized in the National Policy, (1984). The funding determines the proper and right attitude of the teachers and learners through the development of infrastructure, incentives and training. Stakeholders such as government and private organization fail to provide an enabling environment for the attainment qualitative education
          The major problem of this research work is to find out the attitude of secondary schools teachers towards economics and analyze the factors that contribute to the observed attitude.
Research Questions
          Based on the problem stated above, the following question are raised.
1.     Do secondary school teachers have positive or negative attitudes towards Economics?
2.     What are the factors that influence the attitude of the teachers toward the subject?
Objectives of Study
          The general objective of this study is to analyze the attitude of secondary school teachers towards economics which are to compare the number of economics teachers in relation to the other teachers in each school and student may come and study economics. It is also to study and analyze the interest and attitude of teachers towards teaching and learning economics and to make policy recommendation, on the basic of the finding in the study.
          It is then worth While taking a look at attitude of teachers in economics subject, as teacher‘s attitude will affect student interest and performance in subject. Therefore the general objective of the study is to examine the attitude of secondary schools teachers and students towards the economics as a subject.
          Also, the specific objectives for the study includes:
1.     To know the positive and negative attitude of secondary schools teachers towards economics.
2.     To access the factors that influence the attitude of teachers and students towards the subject
Significance of the Study
          This study is significant in that, it will help to identify the factor, responsible for lack of interest in Economics by secondary school teachers and students, thus provide solution to such problem through recommendations
Delimitation of the Society
          This research work will be delimited to few schools in both private and public schools in Akure south local government area, Ondo state. Due to limited materials and limited time, however collection of adequate, relevant and accurate information would be ensured. The limitation of the study will be resolve by guiding the respondents on how to fill the questionnaire.