EFECTS OF PRACTICALS ON STUDENTS’ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PHYSICS - UNIPROJECTS

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EFECTS OF PRACTICALS ON STUDENTS’ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PHYSICS



EFFECTS OF PRACTICALS ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT     IN PHYSICS 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Contents                                                                                                 Page
TITLE PAGE                                                                 
CERTIFICATION PAGE                                                      
APPROVAL PAGE                                                               
DEDICATION                                                                       
ACKOWLEDGEMENT                                                       
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                      
ABSTRACT                                                                        
CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study                                                        
Statement of the Problem                                                     
Research Hypothesis                                                             
Purpose of the Study                                                            
Significant of the Study                                                                
Scope of the Study                                                                
Limitation of the Study                                                                  
 CHAPTER II – REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Review of Literature                                                            
Instructional Resource                                                          
Model and Specimens                                                            
Physical Facilities                                                                   
Physical Environment/Facilities                                             
Staff Quality Dedication                                                              
Teaching Physics Via Practical Activity                                 
Some of the Factors That Affect Effective Physics Practical  
Management in Secondary Schools                                        
CHAPTER III – METHODOLOGY
Research Design                                                                  
Population of the Study                                                                  
Samle and Sampling Technique(s)                                       
Instrument for Data collection                                             
Data Analysis Technique(s)                                                  
CHAPTER IV – PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULT
Research Question 1/Hypothesis 1                                       
Table 1                                                                                
Interpretation                                                                         
Research Question 2/Hypothesis 2                                       
Table                                                                                     
Interpretation                                                                         
Research Question 3/Hypothesis 3                                       
Table                                                                                    
Interpretation                                                                         
Research Question 4/Hypothesis 4                                   
Table                                                                                      
Interpretation                                                                         
CHAPTER V – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Summary of the Study                                                          
Conclusion                                                                              
Recommendations                                                                
REFERENCES                                                                              
APPENDICES                                                                                  
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ABSTRACT
        This Research is primarily based on the Effect of Academic Achievement in Physics in some Secondary School in Owo Local Government Area, Ondo State. The school were randomly selected the result wer based on the responses to the questionnaire designed to the necessary information about the effect of Practical Activities on the Academic Achievement in Physics in the Senior Secondary Schools. The schools used for data collection comprise of both mixed and single sexed schools where the students responded to the questionnaire prepared for them respectively. four research questions were formulated and tested by analyzing the collected data through the application of the percentages. All the results obtained upheld the research questions. It is therefore concluded from the data analysis that students with encourage equipment, the facilities available, teachers qualification, motivation and intrest, all have effect on the academic achivement of students in Physics in the Senior Secondary School and due to the fact that all these points have be rightly supplied in good proportion, they all contribute to the students’ faliure in Owo Local Government Area, where this research was made.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Backgroung of the Study
         The inclusion of physics in the senior secondary school curriculum and recent great emphasis on practical activities on the educational achievement of physics are connected with the various roles that physics as a subject plays in improving science and technology.
        Physics is a branch of science that deals with nature and matter, their formation how they are formed under different conditions. It involves many other disciplines such as Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine and Agriculture. Since physics is the study of matter in relation to energy which is geared towards proving individuals for biological physics and chemical studies as professional in the nearest future it therefore should not be taught in abstract resulting to mere accumulation of theoretical knowledge, However, the physics teacher should enrich the teaching learning process with use of adequate relevant instructional resources so as to better actualize the laid down objectives for the importation of physics knowledge in order for the student to achieve their educational goal and objective and solve social, medical and agricultural problems.
        It is important to note at this point in time that the effect of practical activities on student performance in physics can be cause by non effective teaching of physics and learning.  Akinpelumi (1981) defines teaching as a conscious effort on the part of an experienced person to import information knowledge and skill through communication to less experience person.
         Farran (1982) says, there is a story relationship between the component of teaching learning and educational achievement process which involve the teacher, learner and the instructional materials. In this relationship, the teacher interacts with the learner and the institutional material at the same time for proper achievement of goal.
Since learning can be summarized as a process of a acquiring skill, subject matter, habit, altitudes perception interest, social adjustment and ideals. However Education is the total learning experience which one acquire under the guidance of an approved, trained, qualified and competent person which one function are performed excellently in the society which belongs. However instructional materials are tools or devices used for illustrating concept in a subject matter. They range from elementary devices to highly sophisticated machine specially design to help one of the ways by which the student can be encourage to perform well is by introducing practical activities through the use of appropriate learning resources. These include textbook, periodic charts, model, pictures and displays, computer and audiovisual materials.
    The researcher is of the opinion that the effective use of instructional material, is of relevance to the. This can be achieved through careful  explanation of concept, process and manipulative skills by the teacher academic performance of student in physics knowledge thereby ,removing the tedious difficulty of abstract explanation and field satisfactorily result. Physics therefore, should be offered in school not just as school requirement and prerequisite for further study but also as means of helping an individual to be aware of the physical process in his immediate environment using a method that is creatively practical oriented.


Statement of the Problem
     Practical work constitute an integral part of science, it involves various activities it has been discovered that physics is very expensive in nature. For example, the equipment (pulley, stop watch, pendulum bob) are fragile and easily be destroy during practical. Also the lens, the prism and expensive and despite that, most of them are dispose after every experiment student are exposed to hazards and some of them would tamper with harmful chemicals. There are also no store room to keep the bulky chemical and apparatus in school.
      In teaching practical physics, the strive to operate in an environment characterized by grossly in adequate instructional materials and poorly motivational factors. Specifically, this research is to find out the relative effect of practical activities on Student Educational Academic Achievement in physics in Secondary School of the important of integrity theory with practical work. To what extent does practical affects student performance and why student fail to show interest in learning physics.
 Research Hypotheses
a)     Do facilities for practical activities affect the students” academic achievement.
b)    Do student learning conditions and facilities affect academic achievement
c)     Do teacher interest and motivation have effect on the academic achievement of student”.
d)    Would the student attitude toward physics have an effect on their future pursuit?
Purpose of the Study
           This research is design to find out the effect of practical activities on academic achievement of student in physics. To examine the effective communication of teachers using teaching aids. To find out whether the instructional materials made for the purpose of achieving its goal functions or not.
Significance of the Study
            It is the sincere desire of the researcher to establish the fact that practical work helps student to acquire basic skills and scientific knowledge which improves their performances by revealing the chemical process that takes place in chemical reaction and also the final product of the reaction. This brings about long term memory on the part of the student.
           Practical activities motivates learners to develop some independent leadership skills like setting up apparatus and equipment, observation of physics processes and results collection and interpretation of data and also the improvising of local model making themselves relevant and competent. Practical activities encourage learners to be focus and mind setting despite the climatic and atmospheric condition of the laboratory which the learner is not tired or feed up since they can predict what will the solution gives
Scope of Study
      In this study, the investigation was restricted to a few teacher and student of the following Secondary School in Owo Town due to shortage of time and finance
Owo High School
New Church Grammar School
St Louis Grammar School
Methodist High School
St Catherine Grammar School
Limitation of the Study
       If there is any slight deviation from the extent situation to seek to highlight it must be due to the fact that most secondary school principal and teacher refuse to accept the deficiency of laboratory equipment in their school for fear of low admission and recognition of the school by government agency.
      The research work was also limited by time and money as a student prepared to test and examination very soon there might not be time to visit all the secondary schools schedule for survey and there not be sufficient financial support to transport to all the appropriate area probably planned to visit the research work was also limited by the correction of appropriate teachers for instance where chemistry teachers was appointed to set up laboratory for physics practical forgetting that the apparatus use in the chemistry laboratory was not the same with that of physics. This can also limit the study of good performance of physics student in practical’s.