THE PROBLEM OF TEACHING AND LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN MOBA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE
The study was to investigate the parental background and academic performance of primary school students in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti State. For primary schools were selected and in each school, students were tested and interviewed. Questionnaire were administered on the teachers in the selected primary schools to get the authentic information about their academic performance of the students: questionnaire was also administered on the students to get the real information about the parential background.
Non – formal interview was also conducted with the headmaster and members of parents teachers – association in the selected schools.
Data collected were coded and arranged into tables so as percentages were used to analyze the data continuous assessment result were also collected to analyze the academic performance progress of the students.
Through the investigation the following facts were derived from the parental background and academic performance of primary schools students.
Home background influence
i. Socio – economic background or status of the parent.
ii. Poor teaching habits of teachers.
iii. Lack of educational facilities in primary schools.
iv. Absenteeism of students and lack of attending extra moral lessons affect the performance of primary schools students.
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TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
Background to the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significant of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of the terms
Population of the study
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Validity of the Instrument
Reliability of the Instrument
Administration of the Instrument
Results and Discussion
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
QUESTIONNAIRE FOR TEACHERS
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The aim of every guardian sending his or her children to school is to acquire education through learning which is calculated to be most useful in his or her development.
It is the specific goal of the teacher to determine whether stated educational objectives have been achieved by the pupils. Actually, it is believed that the teacher is a person in the best position to measure progress of each pupil towards stated goals as the pupil move through the system. Obviously, we find out that the opportunity of knowing the problem increased in teaching and learning of pupils is easily detected by the teachers through evaluation system.
This will surely create room for possible solution for problems detected by the teachers unfortunately, it is not easily known to the public the immediate result of the effort put on by the teachers. It has been observed over the years by the public that English language result of the primary school leavers is now becoming worse and needs attention. Through proper research the cause and remedies to the problems of pupils concerning teaching and learning of English language in the primary schools can be discovered. Although some parents believe that the problem of pupils learning English language is as a result of the poor attitude of some teachers who do not consider other factors surrounding. The teaching and learning of English language such as adequate materials and facilities environmental factor and a host of others.
Therefore, for the purpose of knowing the problems of teaching and learning English language in the primary schools, there is need to collect facts from the teachers and pupils though, many people would agree that there is an observable fall in standard of education in Nigeria, nobody in his willest imagination would have believed that university education in Nigeria has fallen to an abysmall low – level as a World Bank study come up with a report that university education in Nigeria degenerated in past is to 16 years. The Guardian Newspapers quoted the World Bank sponsored study that, Nigeria university graduates are poorly trained and unproductive on the job. Graduate skill have steadily deteriorated over the past decade” (P.1) According to the report, the poor performance of Nigeria graduates is particularly evident in two areas; poor mastery of the English language and lack of prerequisite – technical skills.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is consequently important to note that English language is unknowingly used every body in the country. Therefore this makes English language a compulsory subject and necessary every where. Although, English language is relatively new when compare with other branches of education, there had been a notion that there are a lot of problems facing pupils or students in their usage of English language.
This opinion is subject to verification hence, the aim of this study is to find out some of the problems and as well possible solution to them to accomplish this, certain questions need to be asked using some selected primary school in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti State as a case study. This study examined the factors responsible for the poor quality of the teaching of English as a second language in public primary schools in Nigeria.
Three research questions were passed the questions examined the following three variables.
1) Frequency of the use of instructional media
2) Frequency of instructional techniques
3) The school learning environment.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The researchers main purpose of carrying out this research project is as follows:
1) To look into the perception of teachers as regards the problems of teaching and learning English language in schools.
2) To ascertain teachers roles towards the development of English language in their respective schools.
3) To enlighten people about the roles of teaching in the use of English language.
4) And the need for government to remunerate English language teachers adequately.
RESEARCH QUESTION I
Do the teachers use appropriate methods in teaching English language frequently, only items 1 and 6 met the predetermined theoretical mean of 3.0. This means that the lecture method and intensive reading of textbooks are the only teaching techniques frequently used in public primary schools in Nigeria for teaching English language. The group and debate methods are occasionally used with means of 2.82 and 2.57 respectively.
RESEARCH QUESTION II
Do primary school teachers use instructional resources/media frequently in teaching and learning of English language?
RESEARCH QUESTION III
Do the teacher use appropriate methods in teaching and learning of English language?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is expected to find out the various problems that English language pupils encounter and consequently proffer solution to them. Therefore, it is hopeful that this study would be useful to the following groups of people.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The emphasis of this study focus mainly on the problems of teaching and learning of English language, using some selected primary schools in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti State as a case study.
1) Teaching, according to Microsoft Encarta Premium (2009) teaching as the systematic presentation of facts, ideas, skills, and techniques to student. although human beings have survived and evolved as a species partly because of capacity to share knowledge, teaching as a professions did not emerge until relatively recently.
2) Learning according to Microsoft Encarta Premium (2009) acquiring knowledge or developing the ability to perform new behaviours.
3) English language, primary language of the majority of people in Nigeria.