IMPLICATIONS OF BROKEN HOMES ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY - UNIPROJECTS

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IMPLICATIONS OF BROKEN HOMES ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY



IMPLICATIONS OF BROKEN HOMES ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY
ABSTRACT
          The study concerns implication of broken homes on the achievement of secondary school students in their academic work in Ifedore Local Government Area of Ondo State. The study populations were 200 secondary teachers and 200 secondary school students.
          The instrument used for the study is questionnaires. The instrument were validated and found useful for eliciting the necessary information from the sampled population. Information required from the sampled population were based on pupils performance, mood, attendance at school, sex among others. Percentage of scores and sample frequency counts were employed in analyzing the data collected. The results of the study showed that products of broken home are not always happy and they do not perform well in school. Their relative poor achievement in their academic work was traced to truancy among products of broken homes.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                               
Certification                                                                           
Dedication                                                                              
Acknowledgement                                                                  
Abstract                                                                                 
Table of Contents                                                                   
CHAPTER ONE                            
Introduction                                                                                 
Background of the Study                                                                
Statement of the Study                                                           
Hypothesis                                                                             
Purpose of the Study                                                              
Significance of the Study                                                                  
Scope of the Study                                                                           
Limitation of the Study                                                          
Definition of Terms.                                                               
CHAPTER TWO
Review of Related Literature                                                
CHAPTER THREE
Research Method                                                                   
Research Design                                                                    
Population and Sample                                                          
Sampling Technique                                                          
Instruments                                                                         
Validation of the Instrument                                                  
Procedure for Data Collection                                                
Method for Data Analysis                                                      
CHAPTER FOUR
Results and Discussion                                                         
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS                  
Summary                                                                                        
Conclusion                                                                                 
Recommendations                                                                                    
References                                                                                       
Appendix                                                                                         
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
          Over the years, the investigations of the factors that influence academic achievement of students have attracted the interest and concern of teachers, counselors, psychologists, researchers and school administrators in Nigeria. This is because of the public out cries concerning the low standard of education in the country. The declining quality of education in the country and the breeding of graduates with little technical know-how have resulted in serious setbacks to the industrial development of the nation. Different factors are capable of influencing the academic achievement of students in biology. Such factors may be the student internal state (intelligence, state of health, motivation, anxiety etc.) and their environment (availability of suitable learning environment, adequacy of educational infrastructure like textbooks and well-equipped laboratories).
          The cause of poor academic achievement to a combination of personal and institutional factor personal factor relate to the individual’s intelligence knowledge and ability. While institutional factors are family or parental influences, social influences and school related factors. Student/lecturer rapport, teacher related factors accommodation and living conditions.
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
          “Marriage” is one of the most prevalent social activities. Boys and girls grow up to become husband and wives. In due course their offspring grow up to do the same because it is the tradition of our fore-fathers. Marriage is thus one of the important steps of human being in life. At marriage, life is supposed to be with bride and groom and they are therefore described as being responsible.
          Partners at marriage are supposed to stay together “for better for worse” they are to stand side by side and share each other’s burden and joy. This does not however hold for all marriages and all times due to a number of conflicting interests and pressure.
          Thus many homes are turned apart today because couples are unable to manage the crisis resulting from conflicting interest and economic hardships carefully. In many instances the children become victims because their training in school could no longer be the joint implications of both partners.
          Broken family as one of the root cause of indiscipline in the school has its own implication on the children’s education.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
          There is a growing act of indiscipline, nowadays in our schools, as this wave of indiscipline is ravaging all schools there is a declining standards of education. Attempts by concerned people often belief that children from broken homes exhibit some acts of indiscipline in the school. They are often caught in fighting, stealing and truancy. Likewise those groups of children have low academic achievement in the school.
          These claim and beliefs have not been exhausting and objectively investigated especially in the study area.

HYPOTHESES
          In pursuit of the research problems and to realize the objectives of the study, the following hypotheses were raised and tested.
1.     There is no significant difference between the academic performance of students from single parent families and those from two parent families.
2.     There is no significant difference between the academic achievement of male students from single parent families and male students from two parent’s families.
3.     There is no significant difference between the academic achievement of female students from single parent families and female students from two parent families
4.     There is no significant different in the academic achievement of children from broken homes and those from stable home.


PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
          The study looked in to the implication of broken homes on pupils behavior and academic achievement in schools. The purpose is to identify remote and immediate causes of acts of indiscipline and antecedents of under achievement and low performance of students in our schools.
          The present study aims at identifying:
i.                   Causes of broken homes in the study area,
ii.                 The implication of broken home on the academic achievement of students from such homes.
iii.              Suggest measures to enhance discipline and academic achievement of students in general and student from broken homes in particular.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
          The study is significant in the sense that finding from it would serve as an evaluative procedure in the teaching process. The study is equally significant because it focus on the problems which parent caused for their children ignorantly. It is hoped however that the suggested solutions to the problems would enhance discipline and academic achievement of children in their schools.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
          The areas to be covered by the study consist of pupils in Ifedore local government area of Ondo State.
          The study concentrates on causes of broken homes, implication of broken home on academic achievement of pupils in the study area.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
          The study is seriously handicapped by inadequate funds and time. The study problem being a national one ought to have been investigated in a wider area. It was however restricted to Ifedore local government area due to the restrictive factors of poor finances and time constraint.
          Likewise, poor transportation caused a lot of problems of wide coverage consequently the result of this study could only apply to the area of the study. More investigations on the study need to be conducted in other areas before useful and reliable conclusions and generalization can be made.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Broken Home: A family that has gone through the process of separation between both parents.
Divorce: A legal dissolution of a marriage
Hardship: A difficult or trial period which couples were facing
Academic: Connected with education, especially study in schools.
Achievement: A thing that somebody has done successfully, especially using their own effort and skill.
Couple: Two people who are seen together, especially if they are married or in romantic or sexual relationship.
Marriage: This is relationship between a husband and wife
Truancy: The practice of staying away from school without permission