THE EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION EXPERIENCE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN OMUO- EKITI - UNIPROJECTS

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THE EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION EXPERIENCE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN OMUO- EKITI



THE EFFECTS  OF EARLY CHILDHOOD  EDUCATION EXPERIENCE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE  OF   PRIMARY  SCHOOL CHILDREN IN OMUO- EKITI
ABSTRACT
The researcher study showed the effect of early childhood education experience on the academic performance of primary school children in Omuo metropolis. The research was survey type and descriptive in nature. The population for this study comprised of all primary school pupils of public and private schools in Omuo Ekiti. Hundred pupils from three public and two private schools of Omuo  Ekiti were obtained from the annual results of top four pupils of class one to five.
       A questionnaire was also designed for teachers of the schools to give information about the children with early childhood experience and without such an experience. After the collection and analysis of data, it was indicated that pupils with early childhood education significantly outperformed their counterparts without such experience in all the five schools surveyed by the study. The report concluded by observing that early childhood education equips children with prerequisite skills which makes learning easier and faster for children so exposed. They  are very much responsible and take part in the curricular and co-curricular activities. The researcher concludes that there is no great need of opening these institutions by the government in different areas of Omuo Ekiti because most of them are either private or public.


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TABLE OF CONTENT
Title                                                                                      
Certification                                                                          
Dedication                                                                            
Acknowledge                                                                        
Abstract                                                                                
Table of content                                                                    
CHAPTER ONE : INTRODUCTION                                                     
Background of the study                                                       
Statement of the problem                                                      
Research hypothesis                                                             
Purpose/objective of the study                                              
Significance of the study                                                       
Scope/limitation of the study                                                 
Research question                                                                
Definition of term                                                                 
CHAPTER TWO :LITERATURE REVIEW                                        
Literature review                                                                   
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY                                                        
Research  Design                                                                  
Population of the study                                                         
Sample and sampling techniques                                           
Instrument for data collection                                                
Data Analysis techniques                                                       

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Result                                                                                              
Discussion                                                                                       
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION                                            
Summary                                                                                         
Conclusion                                                                                      
Recommendation                                                                             
Questionnaire                                                                                   
REFERENCES                                                                              



CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Early childhood education is designed to assist the mental, physical, emotional, linguistic and also social upbringing. Different psychologist, educationist and also policy makers have given different names to this type of education as pre-primary. E.t.c  (Singh 2007).
      Early childhood education referred to only systematic program in which young   children participate before they do enter primary schools that is designed to promote children’s social, emotional, academic, linguistic, and literacy skills and health and above all well being(Justice and Vukelich 2008).
      The first five years of life are highly significant. What children learn will be foundation to the rest of their life. At this stage a child develops good relationship with the people around him (Hightower 1999).
      Early childhood education is the first step in child`s educational journey. Early  childhood experts have the opinion that attending high quality pre-school programme help to promote children`s social and emotional development and prepare them for kindergarten and beyond studies? Situations have shown that children who attend quality early education programme are more likely to have better test scores and grade (Wanna 2010).
      A great number of educationists and researchers are to view that early childhood education is highly required for the children`s cognitive and educational development and well being of young children in terms of their individual needs and characteristics. H.F page stated that during the normal early childhood year, the  child undergoes a distinct,? Although very gradual. He seems to leave his boyhood completely  behind, and if he is developing along suitable lines, he emerges as natural, likeable child whom it is real joy to meet (Page 2004) Gabriel is the view that ‘’by three”, children have turned the corner away from boyhood and are on the straight with the kindergarten and the infant school ahead of them. Before the year is out they begin to talk about going to school and to look forward to it. Socially while children are happy to have two or three others around each child is generally require to carry out with his individual activity.
    Gabriel (2004) children learn many essential fact about the universe, people and objects simply by playing. Play may be seem therefore as one of the miracles of children by means which they discover things essential to their well being and thoroughly enjoy the process of discovery. Play provide children with a variety of experience sensory, exploratory, emotional and social experiences as well as experiences of mastery or achievement (Hendricks 2000). Joanne Hendricks holds that for more than a decade; research on appropriate approaches to early childhood education has sought to investigate the effectiveness of  various kinds of programme in charging the behavior and enhancing the development of young children. All good early childhood programme is built on the foundation of sound human relationship. Warmth and empathic understanding have been shown to be effective adjustment to nursery school, and it is apparent that genuine caring about the children and about other adult in the programme is foundation to success (Garden 2004).
1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
          Psychologist such as Sigmund fraud  and Erik Ericson opinionated that early childhood experiences have a lot of implication on the later life of individual. The rearing practices which the child is exposed  influences the values, norm and belief of individual even in later life. The contents of the knowledge which the child is exposed to early in life are bedrock to later education and life. There is a scriptural injunction that says’’ train up child in the way they should go and when he is old, he will nit depart from it proverb 22verse 6’’. From this injunction, conclusion can be reached quickly that the manner of teaching a child to learn in pre-primary school days goes a long way to help him in his educational pursuit and even more in his later life. Therefore, the problem of his study is to find out extent to which early education affect the later life of child.
1.3     RESEARCH QUESTIONS  
          In order to have  a though understanding of the effect of early childhood education experiences on the academic performance of primary school children in Omuo, Area of Ekiti state, this project will provide answers to the following questions.
1.     Is there any different in the cognitive ability between pupils in the pre-primary education and those without pre-primary education?
2.     Is there any different in the motor skills between pupils with pre-primary education and those without pre-primary education?
1.4     PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
          This study investigated the effect of early childhood education experience on the academic performance of primary school children in Omuo, Area of Ekiti state.
          The purpose of the study are to:
1.     Examine the effect of cognitive ability of pupils with early childhood education experience.
2.     Show the social skills affect pupils with early childhood education and without early childhood education experience
3.     Investigate the effect motor skills of pupils with early childhood experience.
4.     Ascertain the differences between academic performance of children with early childhood education and those without early childhood education experience.
1.5                   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
     This study will attempt to illuminate the effect of early childhood education experience on the academic performance of primary school education. It all  do within the framework of this study to look to into the issue of streaming, in our school, if the pupils are to benefit from learning experiences. The result of this study I hope will be of immense benefits to teachers, syllabus designers, education administration and policy makers.
     It is expected that the researchers finding will be appropriate to improve teaching techniques in pre-primary and primary school education. It will also serve as a boost to the development of academic performance of pre-primary and primary education.
1.6 SCOPE/DEFINITION OF THE STUD