THE ROLES OF CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT IN MEASURING STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES (A SURVEY IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL
This research work takes a deep analytical look at the roles of continuous assessment in measuring students performance in business studies in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
A total of twelve teachers teaching Business studies in all selected public secondary schools in the Local Government.
The study also randomly sampled fifteen students each from four selected schools. The total number of students sampled was sixty.
The study sought to answer three research questions.
The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire administered to the subject teaches and students.
Data collected were analyzed using simple frequency counts percentages mean and standard derivation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Background of the study
Statement of the study
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Delimitation of the study
Concept of Continuous Assessment
Aims and objective of Continuous Assessment
Reasons for Continuous Assessment
Characteristics of Continuous Assessment
Viewing of Continuous Assessment
Challenges of Continuous Assessment practice
Problems of implementing Continuous Assessment
Population of the study
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Validity of the Instrument
Reliability of the instrument
Administration of the instrument
Method of Data Analysis
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA Finding
DISCUSSION, SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The act of monitoring and evaluating the performance of secondary school students in Nigeria and guiding them for a choosen future career has been one of the problems confronting educationist in recent times. The end of session promotion examination has become a mockery of the purpose for which they are conducted.
One will accept the use of continuous assessment as a solution to this problem.
Prior to western education in Nigeria, education was mostly informal. Closely linked to this oral and informal approach was a full observation. However, with the introduction of western education in Nigeria, western method of assessment was broken down into internal and external examination. The former is the type of test in conducted at the end of every school term and sometime every two weeks during the school years.
The other type of examination which operates in our school system is know as external examination. This type of examination is conduced by external bodies. External in the sense that they are not been responsible for teaching the pupils or students i.e. The West Africa Examination Council (W.A.E.C) the National Examination Council (N.E.C.O) the National Agency for Business and Technical Education Board (NABTEB) and the National Teacher Institute (NTI) for conducting of the General Certificate Examination (GCE) and teachers grade (II) examination respectively.
This type of assessment is directed only to learning activities that need thinking. The students knowledge and understanding acquired in various subject of the school curriculum are evaluated and marks are awarded without student skill.
Another problem with the practice of assessment is that, there is no essential feedback on student performance because test are conducted and decision are made only at the end of the term or year.
Also, in addition to this, the result or reports, which are usually sent to parent or guardians contain information on the child’s overall personality.
Information is usually provided about grades indicating attainment in the different subject. All these are geared only to the cognitive domain of knowledge.
It is also known that due to emphasis laid on paper qualification and poor state of record keeping, student sometimes try to get any means in order to pass their examination.
This result to examination malpractices such as cheating in examination, examination on leakages and forgoing of certificates. It as therefore becomes very necessary to change these practices. To this end, there is need for a mere comprehensive method of teleguiding student’s performance in the schools. This where the introduction of continuous assessment has gained ground.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The focus of this research work is on the impact of continuous assessment to secondary schools students in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The new National Policy on Education (9-3-4) is clear on its emphasis on continuous assessment.
In view of this, researcher study will address itself to this question.
How teacher adopted continuous assessment as a main tool of evaluation?
If they have or haven’t done so, then how does it affect learning?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The general purpose of the study is to determine the role of continuous assessment in measuring student performance in Business Studies. The study specifically seeks for.
i. Identify the roles of continuous assessment in measuring student performance in Business Studies.
ii. Identify the problem encountered in the implementation of continuous assessment in the secondary school Business Studies.
iii. Identify the requirements for the effective implementation of continuous assessment in Business Studies.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of this study could be beneficial to the teachers, the school administrators and the government as a whole.
The result of the role of continuous assessment in measuring students performance could help in discovering whether the teaching and learning process of the subject on the entire local government successful or not while the comparative outcome of male and female student’s result will indicate where more effort is required.
Also in finding out the factors limiting the students performance, the school administrators and the government would be assisted in identifying the resources that are lacking in schools.
The teachers could be helped in identifying their shortcomings and how best they can help the students.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of project works cover four schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
These school include:
i. Eleyo High School, Ikere Ekiti
ii. Ajolagun High School, Ikere Ekiti
iii. Comprehensive High School, Ikere Ekiti
iv. Amoye Grammar School, Ikere Ekiti
Research question are question that seeks to address the fundamental problems in the research work.
i. What are role of continuous assessment in measuring students performance in Business studies.
ii. What are the major problems in the effective implementation of continuous assessment in the secondary school Business studies
iii. What are the basic requirement for the effective implementation of continuous assessment in Business Studies?
DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study delimited to J.S.S III Students in secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area.
Attention was focused on the students general performance in Business studies.
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