UNEMPLOYMENT AMONG UNIVERSITY GRADUATES IN NIGERIA AS PERCEIVED BY UNDERGRADUATES IN EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY, ADO EKITI
IGE OLUWAFEMI MATTHEW
BEING A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS AND MANAGEMENT, FACULTY OF EDUCATION, EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY, ADO – EKITI
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT
FOR THE AWARD OF B.SC (ED) HONOURS DEGREE IN EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS AND MANAGEMENT
This project work was carried out by IGE OLUWAFEMI MATTHEW with Matric No. S080239 in the Department of Educational Foundations and Management, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado – Ekiti.
DR. HAASTRUP EKUNDAYO DATE
This project is dedicated to God Almighty.
My heart-felt gratitude goes to the Omni-science, Omni-potent and Omni-presence God for His grace, mercy, protection, wisdom and understanding throughout the period of my studies and this research work.
I am so much beholden to my indefatigable Supervisor, Dr. Ekundayo Haastrup, whom in spite of his busy schedule thoroughly supervised this study to ensure its successful completion, may God continue to bless him.
I am equally indebted to Mrs. A.O. Kolawole of the department of educational foundations and Management for her altruistic effort and motherly assistance towards the completion of this study. May God continue to promote her.
My profound gratitude goes to my parents Mr and Mrs. A.V. Ige for their love and support throughout my educational attainment. Words cannot describe my appreciation to my daddy and mummy, Pst and Mrs. K.O. Akinriboya whose financial, moral and spiritual support throughout my university education is unfathomable. May God in His infinite mercy continue to make you great.
This acknowledgment is incomplete if I fail to pay homage to my academics fathers and models like Dr. E. Haastrup, Dr. S. Olatunbosun, Dr. Abeere, Dr. B.K. Oyewole, Dr. Sanya Ogunsakin, Mr. Adeyemi, Mrs. Oluyede F.S., Pst. and Pst. Mrs. J.O. Mokuolu, too much but few to mention.
I was greatly inspired and impacted by the following academics high-fliers and erudite scholars of great repute: Prof. E.O. Ogunleye, Prof. S.O. Bamidele, Prof. A.A Awe, Prof. Akin Ogunlade, Prof. E.B. Kolawole, Prof. S.O. Omirin and to the entire management of the prestigious Ekiti State University, I say a very big thank you.
To my siblings Olaleke, Olasunkanmi, Isaac, Ayobami, Damilola, David Blessing, Ifeoluwaposimi, I appreciate you all. I can’t but appreciate Pst. and Mrs. Godwin Aporve, Mr. and Mrs. Ademusira, Pst. and Mrs. Owadasa, Pst. and Mrs. Olarewaju, Rev. F.J.C. Onwuka and my blossom friends, Sikiru Bello, Isaac, Joshua, Afolabi, Falola Precious, Ajiboye Seun, Fanimi Kemisola and every member of Christian family worldwide. I thank you all. To my costly brother, Pst. and Mrs. Kunle Ige and his family, thank you sir.
This study investigated Ekiti State University undergraduates’ perception of unemployment among university graduates in Nigeria.
Five research questions were raised, empirically tested and analysed.
The sample consisted of one hundred students drawn randomly from five faculties in Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti.
Questionnaires were used to obtain data which were analysed using frequency counts and percentage.
The result revealed that too much attention giving to petroleum sector at the detriment of other sectors like agriculture and industry, technological and structural change, over-reliance on white-collar job on the part of university graduates, Nigerian poor educational curricula at all levels of education, imperfect labour market information system, minimum retirement age’s legislation among others are the root cause of graduates’ unemployment problem.
Majority of the respondents have preference for white-collar jobs that are non-existing and unreliable. Based on the findings and conclusion drawn from this study, it was therefore recommended that government should develop agricultural and industrial sectors through the establishment of economic and social overheads so as to attract the young graduates into farming, establish more entrepreneurial skills acquisition centres for the youths as well as empowering the youths to be self-employed. Educational curricula at all levels of educational should be related to societal needs, there is the need to correct price distortion between wages and ability, minimum retirement age’s legislation should be reviewed, Rural-Urban drift should be checked by government through palliative measure and provision of basic amenities in the rural area.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE I
TABLE OF CONTENTS IX
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
Background of the Study 1
Statement of the Problem 7
Purpose of the Study 9
Research Questions 10
Significance of the Study 10
Delimitation of the Study 11
Definition of Terms 12
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 14
Concept of Unemployment 15
Types of Unemployment 20
Causes of Unemployment 21
Occurrence of Graduate Unemployment 28
Participation in Nigeria’s Job Searching 31
Over-expansion of the Education 33
Neglect of the Rural Sector 35
Effects of Unemployment 37
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD 47
Research Method 47
Sample and Sampling Technique 48
Research Instrument 49
Validity of the Instrument 49
Reliability of the Instrument 50
Administration of Research Instrument 50
Data Analysis 50
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 51
Discussion of Findings 62
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENTIONS 65