AN APPRAISAL on SOCIOLINGUISTIC STUDY OF CODE-MIXING AND CODE-SWITCHING IN NIGERIAN INSTITUTIONS - UNIPROJECTS

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AN APPRAISAL on SOCIOLINGUISTIC STUDY OF CODE-MIXING AND CODE-SWITCHING IN NIGERIAN INSTITUTIONS



AN APPRAISAL OF SOCIOLINGUISTIC STUDY OF CODE-MIXING AND CODE-SWITCHING IN NIGERIAN INSTITUTIONS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                                        
Certification                                                                                                  
Dedication                                                                                                     
Acknowledgements                                                                                       
Table of contents                                                                                           
Abstract                                                                                                         
CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.0              Introduction                                                                                       
1.1       Aims and objectives                                                                
1.2       Justification                                                                                        
1.3       Significance of the study                                                                   
1.4       Scope and Delimitation                                                                     
1.5       Methodology                                                                                     
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0              Introduction                                                                                        
2.1       Sociolinguistics                                                                            
2.2       Scope of sociolinguistics                                                                    
2.3       Concepts of sociolinguistics                                                              
2.3.1    Speech community                                                                            
2.3.2    Language contact                                                                              
2.3.3    Multilingualism/Bilingualism                                                  
2.3.3.1 Types of Multilingualism/Bilingualism                                              
2.3.4    Effects of Bilingualism/Multilingualism                                            
2.3.4.1 Diglossia                                                                                            
2.3.4.2 Code-switching                                                                                  
2.3.4.3 Code-mixing                                                                                      
2.3.4.4 Differences between code-mixing and code-switching                    
2.3.4.5 Reasons for code-mixing                                                                  
2.3.4.6 Categorization of code-mixing                                                          
CHAPTER THREE
DATA ANALYSIS  
3.0       Introduction                                                                                       
3.1       Data presentation and analysis                                                          
3.2       Conclusion                                                                                         
CHAPTER FOUR               
            SUMMARY, FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
4.0       Introduction                                                                                       
4.1       Summary                                                                                           
4.2       Findings                                                                                             
4.3       Recommendation                                                                               
4.4       Conclusion                                                                                         
Bibliography                                                                                      



CHAPTER ONE
1.0       INTRODUCTION
One aspect of language study that attracts much attention today is sociolinguistics. It examines the use of language by considering social parameter. This field is relatively wide and it encompasses a lot of variables like the context of the situation, age, status etc. among other variables that can be found in sociolinguistics are code mixing, diglossia, Code-switching, language death etc.
Code-mixing and code-switching are important aspect of sociolinguistic given their use and status in the society. Different reasons have been advanced by various writers and scholars as to why people code-mix and code-switch. Whatever the reasons, they are to some extent reasonable. However, it obvious that they have both the negative and positive effects closely associated with them. It there becomes necessary that these concepts which are directly related to human society and our educational system be given adequate attention so that they are known and also used effectively where necessarily.
In a society where individuals speak more than one language there is usually a language that is naturally influenced by the others. Some of the effects of multilingualism are code-mixing and code-switching, bilingualism, diglossia etc when a speaker comes in contact with two or more languages he or she may start to use the languages together even though it might not be with equal proficiency. However these languages affect one another and often lead to code-mixing and code-switching.
Code-mixing and code-switching occurs when elements of two or more languages are mixed between sentences, clauses and phrases. These concepts are products of bilingualism and they are the focus of this research work. Some researches have shown that students code-mix and code-switch in order to be admitted into some social situations.
It is on this note that this research work intends to find out if undergraduates of University of Ilorin code-mix and code-switch, and also intend to find out why if they code-mix and code-switch. Thus in carrying out this research work, code-mixing and code-switching as concepts of sociolinguistics will be given attention thereby bringing it to the notice of the people who are not linguistics.
1.1       AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
This research work intends to conduct a sociolinguistic study on code-mixing and code-switching and to also carry out a practical study of how these concepts occur in the conversation of Nigerian undergraduates especially students of University of Ilorin. In this project, we will attempt to determine the motivation or causes underlying the use of code-mixing and code-switching
Moreover, this research work will examine the effects


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