KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF FEMALE YOUTHS TOWARD FAMILY PLANNING - UNIPROJECTS

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KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF FEMALE YOUTHS TOWARD FAMILY PLANNING


KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF FEMALE YOUTHS TOWARD FAMILY PLANNING 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Contents                                                                                                                     Pages
COVER PAGE                                                                                                          i
TITLE PAGE                                                                                                             ii
CERTIFICATION                                                                                                     iii
APPROVAL PAGE                                                                                                   iv
DEDICATION                                                                                                           v
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                                       vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                           vii-ix
LIST OF FIGURES                                                                                                   x
LIST OF TABLES                                                                                                     xi
LIST OF APPENDICES                                                                                           xii
ABSTRACT                                                                                                               xiii-xiv
CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION
Background of the study                                                                                1-3
Statement of the problem                                                                               3
Purpose of the study                                                                                       3-4
Significance of the study                                                                                4
Scope of the study                                                                                          5
Research questions                                                                                          5
Hypotheses                                                                                                     6
Assumption of the study                                                                                6
CHAPTER II – REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Ø  Conceptual framework                                                                                   7-11
Ø  Theoretical framework                                                                                    11-15
Ø  Review of related empirical studies.                                                               15
History of family planning                                                                  15-17
Knowledge of family planning                                                           17-18
Modern methods of family planning                                                  18-22
Traditional methods of family planning
Religious groups on family planning
Socialization on family planning
Economic status on family planning
The right of female youths to family planning                                   22-24
The benefits of family planning                                                          24-25
Ø  Summary of literature reviewed.                                                                    25
CHAPTER III – METHODOLOGY
Research design                                                                                                          26
Area of the study                                                                                                        26-27
Population of the study                                                                                              27
Sample and sampling techniques                                                                                27
Instrument for data collection                                                                                    28
Validation of the instrument                                                                                       28
Reliability of the instrument                                                                                       28
Administration of the instrument                                                                               28
Data analysis techniques                                                                                             29
CHAPTER IV – PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
Hypothesis 1                                                                                                   36
Table 7                                                                                                            36
Interpretation                                                                                                  37
Hypothesis 2                                                                                                   37
Table 8                                                                                                            37
Interpretation                                                                                                  38
Hypothesis 3                                                                                                   38
Table 9                                                                                                            38
Interpretation                                                                                                  39
Hypothesis 4                                                                                                   39
Table 10                                                                                                          39
Interpretation                                                                                                  40
Hypothesis 5                                                                                                   40
Table 11                                                                                                          40
Interpretation                                                                                                  41
Hypothesis 6                                                                                                   41
Table 12                                                                                                          41
Interpretation                                                                                                  42
CHAPTER V – DISCUSSION OF RESULTS, SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS,
 RECOMMENDATIONS
Discussion of results                                                                                       43-45
Summary of the study                                                                                    45-47
Conclusions                                                                                                     47
Implications of the findings                                                                            47-48
Recommendations                                                                                          48
Limitations of the study                                                                                 48
Suggestions for further studies                                                                       48-49
 REFERENCES                                                                                           50-53
APPENDICES                                                                                              54-59



LIST OF FIGURES
Figures                                                                                                                       Pages
Fig 2.1:  Conceptual framework on family planning                                                  8
Fig 2.2:  Theoretical framework                                                                                 12


LIST OF TABLES
Tables                                                                                                                         Pages
Table 1: Descriptive analysis on knowledge of family planning.                               30
Table 2:  Descriptive analysis on modern methods of family planning                      31
Table 3: Descriptive analysis on traditional methods of family planning.                  32
Table 4: Descriptive  analysis on influence of religion   on family planning. 33
Table 5: Descriptive analysis on influence of socialization on family planning          34
Table 6: Descriptive analysis on influence of economic status on family
planning                                                                                                          35
Table 7: Chi –Square analysis on knowledge of family planning                               36
Table 8: Chi –Square analysis on modern methods of family planning.                     37
Table 9: Chi-Square analysis on traditional methods of family planning.                  38
Table 10: Chi-Square analysis on influence of religion on family planning.               39
Table 11: Chi-Square analysis on influence of socialization on family
planning.                                                                                                         40
Table 12: Chi-Square analysis on influence of economic status on family
planning.                                                                                                         41
                                                     


LIST OF APPENDICES
Appendices                                                                                                                        Pages
Appendix A: Questionnaire on knowledge and attitude of female youths toward
family planning in College of Education, Ikere, Ekiti State.                          54
Appendix B:   Letter collected from school authority for population of the study
used for the research                                                                                       58
Appendix C:   Calculated reliability statistics using Pearson’s Product
Moment Correlation (PPMC).                                                                        59





ABSTRACT
The study investigated the knowledge and attitude of female youths toward family planning in college of education Ikere Ekiti State. In Nigeria, most of the youths do not do family planning, as a result of this female youths get unwanted pregnancy and involving in abortion .This has resulted in the dumping of children and sudden death of many youths through abortion. The purpose of the study was to find out if female youths of college of education Ikere Ekiti have knowledge of family planning, the attitude of female youths of college of education Ikere toward the use of modern methods of family planning, the attitude of female youths of college of education Ikere toward the use of traditional methods of family planning, if religion group have influence on the attitude of  female youths  of college of education Ikere  toward family planning, if socialization  will have  influence on the attitude of female youths in college of education Ikere toward family planning and if economic status will have influence on the attitude of female youths in college of education Ikere toward family planning.
The research design for the study was survey design of the descriptive research. The sample size of three hundred (300) respondents was used for the study. The respondents were female students of college of education Ikere Ekiti state. All the five schools were purposively selected for the study; sixty (60) students were selected from each school using simple random sampling technique. The instrument used for the study was a 36 –items structured questionnaire. A test re-test method was employed to ascertain the instrument using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. A coefficient 0.95 was obtained at 0.05 level of significant. Descriptive statistic involving frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research questions .The generated hypotheses were tested using Chi-Square (x2).All  the hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance.
The findings of the study revealed that female youths of College of Education Ikere will not significantly have knowledge of family planning, female youths of College of Education Ikere will not have significant attitude toward the use of modern methods of family planning, female youths of College of Education Ikere will not have significant attitude toward the use of traditional methods of family planning, religious groups will not significantly have influence on the attitude of female youths of College of Education Ikere Ekiti towards family planning, socialization will not significantly have influence on the attitude of female youths of College of Education Ikere towards family planning, economic status will not significantly have influence on the attitude of female youths of College of Education Ikere towards family planning.
The study concluded that the respondents have knowledge about family planning. Respondent do not have significant attitude toward modern method of family planning .There was significant attitude among the respondents toward traditional methods of family planning. Religion group do not influence the respondents toward family planning. Socialization has influence on female youths toward family planning. Economic status has influence on the attitude of female respondents toward family planning. The researcher recommended that health educators should recommend family planning program in order to achieve the desired behavioural change toward family planning. Government should employ the health worker to reduce the cost of family planning so that youths can have access to family planning at cheaper price.