ERRORS IN ESSAY WRITING AMONG SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE - UNIPROJECTS

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ERRORS IN ESSAY WRITING AMONG SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE



ERRORS IN ESSAY WRITING AMONG SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE


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BEING AN ESSAY SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF CURRICULUM STUDIES/ ENGLISH, FACULTY OF EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY OF ADO-EKITI, EKITI STATE NIGERIA


IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF BACHELOR OF ARTS DEGREE IN EDUCATION B.A (ED) IN ENGLISH


ABSTRACT
This study was carried out to investigate the errors in essay writing among secondary school learners of English language in Ekiti State. The sample of the study consisted of 60 students of both sexes from randomly selected secondary schools in Ikere Ekiti. It adopted the analytical method of investigation by using a comparative critique to gather information and find out causes, sources and occurrences of errors in essay writing among students. A self-designed test on English language was used for the study.  Sixty respondents were randomly selected from six schools for the test.
  The Data collected were analyzed using Simple Frequency Counts and percentage scores.
 Findings show that;
Learners of English used tenses with a lot of inconsistency i.e. present tense were used in place of past tense and vice-versa, there was no logical link between one paragraph and another in the essays, learners of English as a second language were faced with the problems of spelling English words as a result of interference of the mother tongue language with the target language or lingua franca, punctuation marks were used arbitrarily.
Lastly, illegibility of writings by the learners of English Language also contributes to errors in essay writing.
 Based on this finding, it is recommended that; 
Teachers should see errors as friends and not enemies to be conquered. Students should be given time and opportunity to correct errors before the teachers do (that is, teachers should find out if the students can correct the errors themselves).
Errors should be used to plan ahead; (teachers should find out what the students  need to work on next) Teachers should find out if the errors are due to carelessness, lack of application of a learned rule or lack  of knowledge of a structure
In view of these, English language teachers should embark on practical teachings with a lot of emphasis on the areas of difficulty in the usage of English language as a second language.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE                                                                                  I
CERTIFICATION                                                                          II
DEDICATION                                                                               III
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                                             IV
ABSTRACT                                                                                    VI
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                               VIII
CHAPTER ONE                                                                                      1
INTRODUCTION                                                                         1
Background to the Study                                                               1
Statement of the Problem                                                               10
Research Questions                                                                         11
Purpose of the Study                                                                      12
Delimitations of the Research                                                        12
Significance of the Study                                                                13
Definitions of Terms                                                                       14

CHAPTER TWO                                                                                     16
LITERATURE REVIEW                                                               16
Introduction                                                                                     16
Concept of Error                                                                             16
Concept and Process of Error Analysis                                        19
Uses of Error Analysis                                                                             31
Explanation of Causes                                                                    33
Summary                                                                                         38
CHAPTER THREE                                                                        40
RESEARCH METHOD                                                                40     
Research Design                                                                             40
Population of the Study                                                                  41
Sample and sampling Techniques                                                          42
Research Instrument                                                                       42
Validity of Instrument                                                                    43
Administration of Instrument                                                       44     
Data Analysis                                                                                 45
CHAPTER FOUR                                                                          46
RESULT AND DISCUSSION                                                     46
Error of Grammatical Structure and Findings                                      47
Analysis of Errors in Written Essays                                            55
CHAPTER FIVE                                                                                      61
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS         61
Summary                                                                                         61
Conclusion                                                                                                62
Recommendations                                                                          63
REFERENCES                                                                                66
APPENDIX                                                                                     68