THE EFFECT OF PRETRIAL PUBLICITY ON JUDGES’ DECISION MAKING AND PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF A DEFENDANT - UNIPROJECTS

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THE EFFECT OF PRETRIAL PUBLICITY ON JUDGES’ DECISION MAKING AND PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF A DEFENDANT



THE EFFECT OF PRETRIAL PUBLICITY ON JUDGES’ DECISION MAKING AND PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF A DEFENDANT


ABSTRACT
This study examined the effects of pretrial publicity on judges decision making and public perception of a defendant. Two hundred undergraduate students of university of Ado-Ekiti,
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Nigeria participated in the study. They are 100 males and 100 females. Data was collected via responses elicited from respondent using the questionnaire method. Result of the independent t-test analysis showed that pretrial publicity do not significantly influence judges decision making and public perception of a defendant. [t (198) =1.14, P>.05]. Also, results from data analysis showed that males and females exposed to pretrial publicity on criminal case do not differ in their perception of defendant’s culpability. [t(198)=1.05;P>.05]. Also result showed that old judges do not differ significantly in their judgment than their younger counterpart in decision making and perception of defendant’s culpability. [t(198) =0.96; P>.05]
The implication of the findings of the study was discussed in the light of available literature.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of content
CHAPTER ONE
1.1            Background to the study
1.2            Statement of the problem
1.3            Purpose of study
1.4            Relevance of study
CHAPTER TWO
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1            Social impact of theory
2.2            Reinforcement theory
2.3            Theory of cognitive dissonance
2.4            Literature Review
2.5            Statement of Hypothesis
CHAPTER THREE
3.0            Methodology
3.1            Setting
3.2            Research participants
3.3            Data Collection Procedure
3.4            Measures
CHAPTER FOUR
DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULT
CHAPTER FIVE
Discussion
Conclusion
Recommendation
Reference
Questionnaire
Raw data
Calculation


CHAPTER ONE
1.1            Background to the study
Every legal system is designed to yield objective and unbiased decision based on a set of designated rules and procedures. Research findings in forensic psychology has shown that human beings do not always find themselves going to realistic ways to the principle set by legal system (Henry, 1991). Mullin and Dorothy (1996) indicated that the human participants i